Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Japan, Nuclear Weapons, Science

Hiroshima, Nagasaki

Hiroshima and Nagasaki 75 years on: What would happen if London suffered a nuclear strike today?

Entire city would be wiped out in seconds, experts say

8/7/2020 1:03:00 AM

Hiroshima and Nagasaki 75 years on: What would happen if London suffered a nuclear strike today?

Entire city would be wiped out in seconds, experts say

Monday - Friday plus breaking news alerts by emailUpdate newsletter preferencesIn the case of a modern nuclear attack on London, the damage would be far greater than in either Hiroshima or Nagasaki.The nuclear weapons that exist in today’s arsenal are “much more powerful” than the ones used in 1945, said Matt Korda, a research associate for the nuclear information project at the Federation of American Scientists (FAS).

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The warheads that bombed the Japanese cities on August 6 and 9 in 1945 achieved blasts of around 15-20 kilotons.Read morePhotos of Nagasaki reveal devastating aftermath of 1945 US atomic bomb“By contrast, today's weapons can achieve yields of several hundred, sometimes over 1,000, kilotons, due to the introduction of multi-stage thermonuclear weapon designs during the early years of the Cold War,” Dr Korda said.

“A nuclear detonation of several hundred kilotons over the centre of London would destroy most of the city, and could break windows as far away as Croydon and Walthamstow (just under 10 miles away).”Dr Burford said he is sceptical of the UK government's assertion that it could respond to a single nuclear use in an urban area to help victims of such an attack, citing a warning given by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in 2013 that, as things stand, “there is no effective way of delivering humanitarian assistance to victims of a nuclear blast”.

Dr Burford said: “We have learnt that ionising radiation has a gendered impact - women and girls are disproportionately impacted by the negative effects. We don't know why, but that's what the science says.”The FAS estimates that around 91 per cent of all nuclear warheads are owned by Russia and the United States, with each having around 4,000 warheads in their military stockpiles.

The military theory of mutually assured destruction (MAD), in which a nuclear attack by one superpower would be met with an overwhelming nuclear counter-attack, thus acting as a deterrent to nuclear warfare, is a hotly debated topic.Dr Burford said: “Many former military and governmental experts are increasingly pointing out that, even if deterrence did work in some instances - and we can never ‘know’ in the scientific sense, because deterrence is an internal, psychological process - in other cases, it is clear that luck played a significant role in preventing the use of nuclear weapons.

“So, did MAD work? Only if we accept that at a minimum, sometimes we just have to leave it to luck to determine whether or not we have a nuclear war.”Professor Malcolm Chalmers, deputy director-general at the Royal United Services Institute, told PA the use of nuclear weapons against the UK is most likely to take place during a time of extreme national crisis or war.

“A deliberate 'bolt from the blue' attack cannot be ruled out altogether, but it is extremely hard to see what an enemy could hope to achieve,” he said. Read more: The Independent »

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DJSiri Much more likely for Glasgow but hey....we are just dispensable jocks 😡😡😡 Still never worked out why America was never tried for crimes against humanity over the two bombings If it landed in Brixton you’d hardly notice. It would cause £50bn of improvements. WW3 probably Odd article Hopefully we’d retaliate with our own nukes, thus continuing MAD

Crazy U.K. is United kingdom of great Britain and communism in whole globe is gonna convince them that every girl is not letting me to message american rich ladies House prices would sky rocket as developers moved in to build the promised new slums? Soviet ambassador in the 1960s states the USSR could destroy the U.K. with 4 H-Bombs. That was over 50 years ago and things haven’t got better since.

Cast your mind back to 1945. The war in Europe is over. The whole weight of the allied forces is now focused on Japan. Not only US but European troops are enroute for the invasion. Japanese society is ready to die, invading troops expect 1M casualties. What's you're decision? They got it big. Where would we have the new capital?

It would get very hot very quickly. Also the stabbing epidemic would instantly stop. Well, it would certainly clean the place up a bit.... 🙏🙏🙏🙏

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Bells toll to mark 75 years since Hiroshima bombThe first nuclear weapon used in war killed 140,000 people - Japan surrendered days later, ending WW2. If your enemies hurt you, take double the payback!! Courtesy of the US that labels everyone as an enemy ... Not something to be proud of , horrible day

Hiroshima at 75: bitter row persists over US decision to drop the bombHistorians and military differ on whether 1945 bombing ended the war and saved countless lives – or was an unconscionable act of brutality Bitter of a mass civilian war crime?... It was the right decision at the time . Like it or not . Oh please, for all those pearl clutch-ers out there: You know who was ecstatic to see that false dawn over Hiroshima? China. Let's not forget Nanjing or the subhuman way Japan chose to wage that war. Let's ALSO not forget who started it... and who ended it. USAUSAUSA

Opinion: The women scarred by Hiroshima remind us the threat of nuclear war has never gone awayA decade after the atomic bomb killed and maimed thousands of citizens in the Japan ese city of Hiroshima on 6 August 1945, the US brought 25 women to America for plastic surgery. Becky Alexis-Martin tells their story