Russia defaults on foreign debt for first time since 1918, White House says

6/27/2022 7:00:00 PM

Western sanctions have damaged Russia's economy and spurred many foreign companies to exit the country.

Western sanctions have damaged Russia's economy and spurred many foreign companies to exit the country.

Western sanctions have damaged Russia's economy and spurred many foreign companies to exit the country.

Russia's ruble is the strongest currency in the world this year "It looks like the banks have complied with international sanctions and have withheld payment," said Chris Weafer, a veteran Russian economy analyst at consulting firm Macro-Advisory.U.Updated 9:41 a.New York/London (CNN Business) Following reports that Moscow had failed to pay about $100 million in interest on two bonds during a 30-day grace period that expired Sunday, the White House said the default showed the power of Western sanctions imposed on Russia since it invaded Ukraine.

Last month, the U.S.Treasury Department last month ended Russia’s ability to pay back debt to international investors through American banks.Treasury Department ended Russia's ability to pay its billions in debt back to international investors through American banks.The lapse adds to efforts to seal Moscow off from global capital markets for years.In response, the Russian Finance Ministry said it would pay dollar-denominated debts in rubles and offer"the opportunity for subsequent conversion into the original currency." Russian President Vladimir Putin in a photo illustration also showing U." 04:25 Russia said it has the money to pay its debts but Western sanctions created"artificial obstacles" by freezing its foreign currency reserves held abroad.Still, it took longer than many had expected: Sanctions have largely failed to cripple Russia's economy, as surging energy prices have padded the country's coffers.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters in a conference call Monday that"there are no grounds to call this situation a default," saying Russia has paid but it could not be processed because of sanctions.Secretary of the Treasury Janet Yellen.A formal declaration of default would need to come from bondholders because ratings agencies, which normally declare when borrowers have defaulted, have been barred by sanctions from reporting on Russia.The other side argues that"this happened because of sanctions, but sanctions were fully in your control," said Jay S.Auslander, a top sovereign debt lawyer at the firm of Wilk Auslander in New York.Prior to Russia's war on Ukraine, it had around $640 billion in foreign currency and gold reserves."All of this was under your control, because all you had to do was not invade Ukraine.On Monday, Russia’s finance ministry said it had made the payments in May and they had been transferred to Euroclear, a Brussels-based clearinghouse, but subsequently blocked from reaching bondholders." Here's what to know about a Russian default on its sovereign debt.Russia defaulted on its domestic debts in the late 1990s but was able to recover with the assistance of international aid.But that wasn't possible this time around, given the recent moves by US and EU authorities.

How much does Russia owe? About $40 billion in foreign bonds, about half of that to foreigners.Before the start of the war, Russia had around $640 billion in foreign currency and gold reserves, much of which was held overseas and is now frozen..Peskov, the Kremlin’s spokesman, told reporters on Monday that the statements about default were “absolutely illegal.Russia has not defaulted on its international debts since the Bolshevik Revolution, when the Russian Empire collapsed and the Soviet Union was created.Russia defaulted on its domestic debts in the late 1990s but was able to recover from that default with the help of international aid.Russia has effectively been in default for months in the eyes of bond investors, said Liam Peach, an economist specializing in emerging European markets at Capital Economics.“In other words, there are no grounds to call this situation a default.The fact that money transferred to Euroclear was not delivered to investors was"not our problem," he said.

Insurance contracts that cover Russian debt have priced a 80% likelihood of default for weeks, and rating agencies like Standard & Poor's and Moody's have placed the country's debt deep into junk territory.How do you know if a country is in default? Ratings agencies can lower the rating to default or a court can decide the issue but have stopped rating Russia.Bondholders who have credit default swaps — contracts that act like insurance policies against default — can ask a committee of financial firm representatives to decide whether a failure to pay debt should trigger a payout, which still isn't a formal declaration of default.The Credit Derivatives Determinations Committees — an industry group of banks and investment funds — would likely flag a"credit event," Peach said.The panel ruled June 7 that Russia had failed to pay required additional interest after making a payment on a bond after the April 4 due date.It's not clear what effect — if any — the default will have on Russia's economy in the near term, as the country is already unable to borrow abroad and its existing bonds have collapsed in value to pennies on the dollar.

But the committee put off taking further action due to uncertainty over how sanctions might affect any settlement.What can investors do? The formal way to declare default is if 25% or more of bondholders say they didn't get their money.Once that happens, provisions in the document notes published by Bloomberg say all Russia's other foreign bonds are also in default, and bondholders could then seek a court judgment to enforce payment.In normal circumstances, investors and the defaulting government typically negotiate a settlement in which bondholders are given new bonds that are worth less but that at least give them some partial compensation.But sanctions bar dealings with Russia's finance ministry.

And no one knows when the war will end or how much defaulted bonds could wind up being worth.In this case, declaring default and suing"might not be the wisest choice," Auslander said.It's not possible to negotiate with Russia and there are so many unknowns, so creditors may decide to"hang tight for now." Investors who wanted out of Russian debt have probably already headed for the exits, leaving those who may have bought bonds at knocked-down prices in hopes of profiting from a settlement in the long run.And they might want to keep a low profile for a while to avoid being associated with the war.

Once a country defaults, it can be cut off from bond-market borrowing until the default is sorted out and investors regain confidence in the government's ability and willingness to pay.But Russia has already been cut off from Western capital markets, so any return to borrowing is a long way off anyway.The Kremlin can still borrow rubles at home, where it mostly relies on Russian banks to buy its bonds.What would be the impact of Russia's default? Western sanctions over the war have sent foreign companies fleeing from Russia and interrupted the country's trade and financial ties with the rest of the world.Default would be one more symptom of that isolation and disruption.

Weafer said a default would not affect the Russian economy right now because the country has not borrowed internationally in years amid sanctions and is making lots of money from exporting commodities like oil and natural gas.But longer term, when the war has resolved and Russia tries to rebuild its economy,"this is where the legacy of default will be a problem.It's a bit like if an individual or if a company gets a bad credit score, it takes years to get over that," he said.Investment analysts are cautiously reckoning that a Russia default would not have the kind of impact on global financial markets and institutions that came from an earlier default in 1998.Back then, Russia's default on domestic ruble bonds led the U.

S.government to step in and get banks to bail out Long-Term Capital Management, a large U.S.hedge fund whose collapse, it was feared, could have shaken the wider financial and banking system.Holders of the bonds — for instance, funds that invest in emerging market bonds — could take serious losses.

Russia, however, played only a small role in emerging market bond indexes, limiting the losses to fund investors."The spillovers to the rest of the world should be limited," Peach said.But a Russian default could have a ripple effect by adding pressure on global debt markets and making investors more risk averse and less willing to advance money, which"very well could lead to further defaults in other emerging markets," Weafer said.Trending News.

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Russia defaults on foreign debt for first time since 1918 following sanctionsRussia has defaulted on its foreign-currency sovereign debt for the first time since 1918 because of Western sanctions imposed over its invasion of Ukraine.

Russia Misses Bond Deadline, Signaling Its First Default on Foreign Debt Since 1918Russia missed a deadline for making bond payments on Sunday, a move signaling its first default on international debt in more than a century, after Western sanctions thwarted the government’s efforts to pay foreign investors. Who's news is this, payments where made in May, if Euroclear holds the cash because of western sanctions that's not Russian problem, apparently it only hurts investors in the bond but then – the big boys must eat before falling off a stationary 🚲, or attending a photoshoot in 🇺🇦 Do we know how many households are missing on their gas payments in Europe, U.S? Russia missed a deadline for $100M worth of bond payments Sunday, its first international debt default since 1918. Russia claims it has no control over foreign financial institutions and rejects default declaration since it paid in May. shortaudionews

West pushes Russia into its first foreign debt default since 1918Russia has defaulted on its foreign debt for the first time since the Bolshevik revolution more than a century ago. Now bloody hypocrites in power don't allow their citizens to get their income on Russia bonds. Who calls this a default never worked in finance or banking, Russia has the money ready and plenty available but the DOJ blocked them from making any payment. This is risible and unethical to say the least. I really don't think it matters.

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