Bacterial cellulose in kombucha enables microbial life under Mars-like conditions unigoettingen
In our recent reports, we have shown that Komagataeibacter is the dominant taxon and cellulose producing bacteria. This is the first study to isolate the K. oboediens genome from reactivated space-exposed KMC (Kombucha Microbial Community) sample and comprehensively characterize it. The space-exposed genome was compared with the Earth-based reference genome to understand the genome stability of K. oboediens under extraterrestrial conditions. Our results suggest that the genomes of K. oboediens IMBG180 (ground sample) and K. oboediens IMBG185 (space-exposed) are remarkably similar in topology, genomic islands, transposases, prion-like proteins, and number of plasmids and CRISPR-Cas cassettes. Nonetheless, there was a difference in the length of plasmids and the location of cas genes. Small difference was observed in the number of protein coding genes. Despite these differences, they do not affect any metabolic profile including cellulose synthesis, nitrogen-fixation, hopanoid lipids biosynthesis, and stress-related pathways. Minor changes are only observed in central carbohydrate and energy metabolism pathways gene numbers or sequence completeness These findings suggest that K. oboediens maintains its genome stability and functionality in KMC exposed to the space environment. Furthermore, K. oboediens may be used to develop a safe drink for space travel with minimal microbial composition of KMC. Moreover, due to its unaffected metabolic pathways, this bacterial species may also be used for cellulose biosynthesis and nitrogen-fixation related space experiments.
1* 1 Laboratory of Molecular and Computational Biology of Fungi, Department of Microbiology, Department of Genetics, Ecology and Evolution, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil 2 Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Genetics, Department of Genetics, Ecology and Evolution, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil 3 Postgraduate Program in Biology and Biotechnology of Microorganisms, Department of Biological Sciences, State University of Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, Brazil 4 Computational Biology and Biotechnological Information Management Center (NBCGIB), State University of Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, Brazil 5 Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics of NASU, Kyiv, Ukraine 6 Department of Biochemistry, Genetics and Microbiology, Centre for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa 7 Center for Data and Knowledge Integration for Health (CIDACS), Institute Gonçalo Moniz, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ-Bahia), Salvador, Brazil 8 Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Burckhardtweg, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany 9 Laboratory of Bioinformatics and Computational Chemistry, Department of Biological Sciences, State University of Southwest Bahia (UESB), Jequié, Brazil 10 German Aerospace Center (DLR) Berlin, Institute of Planetary Research, Planetary Laboratories, Astrobiological Laboratories, Berlin, Germany 11 Centre for Genomics and Applied Gene Technology, Institute of Integrative Omics and Applied Biotechnology, Purba Medinipur, India Komagataeibacter is the dominant taxon and cellulose-producing bacteria in the Kombucha Microbial Community (KMC).Share on Pinterest Share on LinkedIn FAIRBANKS, Alaska (KTVF) - On June 4, West Valley High School hosted the 2022 Relay For Life in Fairbanks, where members of the community circled the school’s track to bring awareness of cancer.ArrowRight Prince George’s County Executive Angela Alsobrooks has developed a list of 11 nominees for the County Council to consider for confirmation to the board, but community members have asked for more public involvement in the process.Results from the planetary defense exercise, which happened last year, have just recently been published and show the steps that would need to be taken if a planet-killing asteroid was headed for us.
This is the first study to isolate the K.oboediens genome from a reactivated space-exposed KMC sample and comprehensively characterize it.Due to a shortage of volunteers this year, the normally 24 hour event was set to run from 11:00 a.The space-exposed genome was compared with the Earth-based reference genome to understand the genome stability of K.” Advertisement Clark was one of many members of the community who spoke as the council met earlier Tuesday to hear public testimony and discuss the legislation that would establish a Police Accountability Board (PAB) and an Administrative Charging Committee (ACC) that would review alleged police misconduct.oboediens under extraterrestrial conditions during a long time.to 8:00 p.Our results suggest that the genomes of K.The asteroid was tracked using NASA’s Near-Earth Object Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (NEOWISE) mission, which gathered information on its size and shape.
oboediens IMBG180 (ground sample) and K.Participants come to celebrate survivors of cancer and to remember those who have been lost to it.The current mechanism for citizen oversight in the county is the Citizen Complaint Oversight Panel (CCOP), which is in the process of being repealed and replaced.oboediens IMBG185 (space-exposed) are remarkably similar in topology, genomic islands, transposases, prion-like proteins, and number of plasmids and CRISPR-Cas cassettes.Nonetheless, there was a difference in the length of plasmids and the location of cas genes.Flora Roddy, Chair of the American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network, explained, “We have survivors here.A small difference was observed in the number of protein coding genes.” They would also receive police misconduct complaints, review disciplinary outcomes and make recommendations for policy changes to “improve police accountability.Despite these differences, they do not affect any genetic metabolic profile of the cellulose synthesis, nitrogen-fixation, hopanoid lipids biosynthesis, and stress-related pathways.” “It’s a way to honor and remember those who are still here and then one year they’re not, but you still have their handprint to remember them by,” Roddy added.The exercise was a resounding success.
Minor changes are only observed in central carbohydrate and energy metabolism pathways gene numbers or sequence completeness.Altogether, these findings suggest that K.Those interested in helping out can visit the event’s.Maryland passed sweeping laws to change police discipline.oboediens maintains its genome stability and functionality in KMC exposed to the space environment most probably due to the protective role of the KMC biofilm.Furthermore, due to its unaffected metabolic pathways, this bacterial species may also retain some promising potential for space applications.Importance Nowadays, there is an increased effort to study the possibility of life on Mars and the ability of organisms to survive the Mars environment to assess the possibility of colonizing the planet.A panel consisting of the Office of the County Executive, County Council staff and local police chiefs interviewed 35 individuals who were then scored before recommendations were made for seven members to be selected.
Recent studies have shown that bacterial cellulose is a strong material that has a variety of uses and applications, such as medicine, tissue regeneration, fabrics, electronics, and biotechnology in general.In this study we were able to expose a cellulose producing bacteria ( Komagataeibacter oboediens ) to the space/Mars-like environment, and our results show that K.oboediens was able to survive being exposed to the space environment for 18 months and that its genome remains mainly conserved after spaceflight.The members now await a confirmation process by the county council where the names would be made public.This suggests that K.oboediens is a strong candidate for cellulose production in Mars colonies’ industry.
Introduction One of the most intriguing questions is the capability of an organism to survive and resist the extremely harsh extraterrestrial outer space conditions, such as cosmic radiation, microgravity, temperature extremes, substrates, atmospheric pressure, and vacuum (.They also argue that because the selection process began before the legislation that would establish the board was introduced, criteria for applicants were subject to change.
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