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Indigenous Peoples, Global Development

‘Best a human can be’: indigenous Amazonian Karapiru dies of Covid

‘Best a human can be’: indigenous Amazonian Karapiru dies of Covid

7/30/2021 9:42:00 AM

‘Best a human can be’: indigenous Amazonian Karapiru dies of Covid

Karapiru Awá Guajá, among the last of the hunter-gatherer Awá tribe, survived a massacre and a decade alone in the forest, inspiring others with his resilience and ‘extraordinary warmth’

.Skilled archers, the Awá live scattered in family groups over a large area, and travel at night using torches made from tree resin. Many have had no contact with the outside world.Karapiru was estimated to be 75 when he died. The Indigenist Missionary Council (CIMI), a Catholic NGO working with indigenous peoples,

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reported his deathas “a victim of Covid-19”, despite him having had the Covid vaccine.He died in a hospital in Santa Inês in Maranhão and was buried in the municipality of Zé Doca, against the wishes of his friends, who wanted to bury him on Awá land.

I spent a long time in the forest. I was always running away, on my own. I had no family to help me, to talk toKarapiru Awá GuajáMarina Magalhães, a linguist studying the Awá language, became friends with Karapiru after they met in 2001.

Magalhães says Karapiru’s relatives told her he had gone to another village in the months before his death to visit his son, Tamata. When he returned to Tiracambu, the village was protesting against a government bill that limited the demarcation of new indigenous land. Villagers believed it was safe to meet during the protests, including with people from other ethnicities, because they had been vaccinated. In Tiracambu alone, at least 12 Awás tested positive for Covid after the protests.

“He was one of the kindest people I’ve ever met. He liked to hug people, which is not a common Awá attitude towards non-indigenous people, and he often watched my work with other Awá from a distance, always smiling when I looked at him,” says Magalhães.

“Karapiru, in my view, represents the best that a human being can become, due to his friendliness and tranquility. Also, an example of how resilient we can be in the most extreme situations.”The Awá rely on the forest. Their survival has been threatened by logging, mining and a 900km railway running close to their land.

Photograph: Bonnie Jo Mount/The Washington Post/GettyFiona Watson, research director at Survival International, first met Karapiru in 1992.“I just thought I cannot believe this man survived on his own for 10 years, not speaking to anybody,” she says. “He spoke so quietly, he whispered, that really struck me because I thought, of course, he’s had to become invisible in order to survive.

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I hope the same things that happened to me won’t happen to my daughter. I hope it won’t be like in my timeKarapiru Awá Guajá“He started talking and smiling, and I thought how is he not more traumatised? He knew I wasn’t [an enemy], he had no rancour, no bitterness. That astounded me. That magnanimity. What an extraordinary human being, to be able to sort of forgive people in a way and to be able to carry on your life.”

Karapiru’s life was the subject of an award-winning documentary in 2006, by the Italian-born director Andrea Tonacci, called Serras da Desordem.Madalena Borges from CIMI also knew him well. “Karapiru was full of peace, without malice, smiling, very friendly, receptive to everyone, soft-spoken. A great sage of ancestral knowledge about Awá. Very skilled in the art of hunting and fishing, he went out daily in search of food for his family,” she says.

Karapiru spent 10 years alone in the forest after a massacre that killed most of his family. Eventually he was reunited with his son and returned to an Awá community.Photograph: Fiona Watson/Survival InternationalSince the iron ore infrastructure opened up forests to loggers and farmers, the Awá people have seen their forests shrink as land is cleared for cattle. The noise of chainsaws and trucks has emptied the forest of monkeys, peccaries and tapirs.

“To the settlers, the Awá were an obstacle, a primitive nuisance, and they killed the Awá in large numbers,” according to Survival International. On one occasion poisoned flour was left for Awá to eat.After the massacre, Karapiru spent 10 years alone, eating honey, small birds and sleeping in the boughs of copaiba trees and among the orchids.

“I hid in the forest and escaped from the white people. They killed my mother, my brothers and sisters and my wife,”he told Survival International.Forest fires in 2015 in Arariboia, Maranhão state. Arariboia is home to about 80 Awá and 12,000 Guajajaras, another indigenous people.

Photograph: Marizilda Cruppe/AFP/Getty“When I was shot during the massacre, I suffered a great deal because I couldn’t put any medicine on my back. I couldn’t see the wound: it was amazing that I escaped – it was through theTupã[spirit]. I spent a long time in the forest, hungry and being chased by ranchers. I was always running away, on my own. I had no family to help me, to talk to. So I went deeper and deeper into the forest.”

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He walked 400 miles to Bahia state where he was given shelter by a farmer despite not being able to communicate with him.Karapiru with his wife Marimia and their baby in 2000.Photograph: Fiona Watson/Survival InternationalLiving on the farm he tried manioc, rice, flour and coffee for the first time. “It was tasty. I had more and more – it is good,” he later said.

Authorities and anthropologists tried various ways to speak with him but to no avail. However when a young Awá man called Xiramuku was brought in to see if he could communicate with him, it turned out he was Karapiru’s son, who had also survived the massacre.

The pair moved to Tiracambu, a mountain village in Maranhão, home to an Awá community. Read more: The Guardian »

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