Go nuts: the multilayered history of baklava

9/16/2021 8:29:00 AM

In the absence of alcohol, sweet treats unite the Middle East | 1843 magazine

“I am not rich enough to eat baklava every day”: the Middle Eastern treat has a layered history. From 1843mag

In the absence of alcohol, sweet treats unite the Middle East | 1843 magazine

dulce de lecheHand-picked stories, in your inboxA taste for sweetness makes sense in evolutionary terms: sugary foods are a quick and easy source of energy. But despite its universal appeal, says Anissa Helou, a Lebanese-Syrian author and chef (whose surname means “sweet”), Middle Easterners seem to be particularly enamoured by sugar. Five of the top 20 countries that consume the most sugar per person are in the Middle East.

canbasbousa, an almond-packed roll of pastry, curled to look like a sleeping snake.Znoud el-sitersions of layered, nutty pastries may have been made as early as the eighth centuryhirka-i-serifIn 2013 the European Commission bestowed a “protected designation-of-origin” status on baklava from Gaziantep, a southern Turkish city – the first Turkish product to be recognised in this way. Bakers across Greece, the Middle East and beyond may challenge the Turks’ claims on baklava, but whether their versions pre-date the reach of the Ottomans or are the result of their expansion, baklava pops up everywhere from Morocco to Iran. The shapes differ, the nuts vary and the spices change but the syrupy richness does not.

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A system that dictates to its people of what they should eat or drink is a authoritarian system and dont bring people together on mutual grounds but by coercion. Sweet treats sometimes relieve mental stress. They will make people diabetic sooner than they achieve peace in Middle East. A scholar or philosopher must be the best writer, because philosophical or scholarly works are naturally the highest literature. The spirit and sentiment of philosophy and literature are the same, writers don't even need professional training.

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WhatsApp E ach country finds its own way to get its sugar fix.Woman Shoots Dead Alleged 'Peeping Tom' Standing Outside Bedroom Window Scott left her home a short time later and sent the woman a text message, the affidavit said.The"caution" tape wrapped around the interior and inflatable Pennywise the Clown car buddy sitting in the passenger seat might also have been an indicator of the craziness that was to come.Dan Mullen personally extended the full-ride.

The crackly burnished sugar on top of a pot of crème brûlée in France. The grainy buttery sugar of a slab of Scottish tablet.. The caramelised, milky sugar of dulce de leche , slathered on toast or pancakes.. The intensely processed sugar of the high-fructose corn syrup that sweetens the chocolate drizzle, ice cream and brownie chunks of an American sundae. I am sorry. The Economist Today Hand-picked stories, in your inbox A daily email with the best of our journalism Sign up A taste for sweetness makes sense in evolutionary terms: sugary foods are a quick and easy source of energy..

But despite its universal appeal, says Anissa Helou, a Lebanese-Syrian author and chef (whose surname means “sweet”), Middle Easterners seem to be particularly enamoured by sugar... Five of the top 20 countries that consume the most sugar per person are in the Middle East. “I am not rich enough to eat baklava every day” Why is the region so enchanted by sweet stuff? Sugar was widely available in the Middle East long before that was true in the West.. Helou also points to the Islamic prohibition on alcohol, which in other countries is used as a celebratory treat, luxury or distraction (though the ban on drinking is observed to varying degrees across the Muslim world). Making a lunge for his phone, she appears to momentarily lose control of the car, as screeching tires can be heard. If you can’t do shots in Dubai, you can belly up to the milkshake bar and get a high from guzzling a chocolatey ice cream concoction. just want to make love to you and hold you ..

After dinner, sweetened tea takes the place of an aperitif. Juice and sugar-cane stalls replace pubs and bars on street corners.. "Okay," Aaron laughs nervously, asking her to open the trunk so he can get his luggage — which is when she starts screaming maniacally. Across the Middle East and Turkey, bakery shelves heave with a variety of syrup-soaked pastries. You can find diamonds of basbousa (which in Arabic sweetly translates as “just a kiss”), a cake made from semolina and drenched with syrup scented with rose or orange blossom." Text allegedly written by KaDarius Scott. Coils of m’hanncha , an almond-packed roll of pastry, curled to look like a sleeping snake..

Kunafa , shredded pastry filled with a creamy cheese or nuts and doused in yet more floral syrup. "I went too far," Scott told the woman during the call. Znoud el-sit , which literally means “women’s upper arms”, crunchy, plump little cigars of filo pastry, stuffed with cream, fried and steeped in syrup or honey. But the best known by far, at least in the rest of the world, are sheets of fine filo pastry filled with nuts and bathed in syrup and butter: baklava. I am sorry. V ersions of layered, nutty pastries may have been made as early as the eighth century BC by the Assyrians, but it was the Ottomans who perfected the sticky glory of baklava. The imperial kitchens of the Topkapi palace in Istanbul were said to have turned out trays of the stuff in the 15th century." Scott was arrested and booked into Silverdale Detention Center on September 9, the sheriff's office said.

Most notably, on the 15th day of Ramadan, when the sultan would visit the hirka-i-serif (a relic believed to be part of the cloak of the Prophet Muhammad), baklava was given to his janissaries, an elite group of soldiers. It was a food of occasion, so much so that even today there’s a common saying in Turkey: “I am not rich enough to eat baklava every day. Hamilton County Schools confirmed to WTVC that Scott has been suspended from his job.” (Boxes of baklava regularly feature as carry-on luggage at airports in Turkey, especially around the holidays, both religious and secular.) The shapes differ, the nuts vary and the spices change but the syrupy richness does not In 2013 the European Commission bestowed a “protected designation-of-origin” status on baklava from Gaziantep, a southern Turkish city – the first Turkish product to be recognised in this way. The school district and the sheriff's office have been contacted for further comment. Bakers across Greece, the Middle East and beyond may challenge the Turks’ claims on baklava, but whether their versions pre-date the reach of the Ottomans or are the result of their expansion, baklava pops up everywhere from Morocco to Iran.

The shapes differ, the nuts vary and the spices change but the syrupy richness does not. Even without the sultans and their acolytes, baklava still evokes a sense of ceremony. Feast days, religious or otherwise, to celebrate both the living and the dead, are occasions for baklava. So, too, are visits by friends. Claudia Roden, a grandee of Middle Eastern cooking born to an Egyptian-Jewish family, writes that baklava (along with other sweets) is associated, for her, with “feelings of well-being, warmth and welcome, of giving and receiving, of crowds of people smiling, kissing, hugging and showering hospitality”.

Whereas Christians often forgo foodstuffs such as sugar during the 40 days of Lent, Ramadan brings a nightly feast in which sweets play an important role. In Turkey, Eid al-Fitr, the feast to celebrate the end of Ramadan, is known as Seker Bayrami, the feast of sweets. P reparing this festive sweet is part of the standard repertoire of a professional baker. It’s possible to make it at home, too. First comes the pastry, some type of papery filo (from phyllo , the Greek for “leaf”), stretched thin like the pages of a holy text.

It takes little more than flour, water, olive oil, salt – and the patience of the gods. Rolling it out to the requisite 2mm or so without tearing it is delicate work. Making enough is time-consuming; the Greeks use 33 layers – a nod to Jesus’s age when he died. There’s no shame in buying the filo. Then come the nuts.

Gaziantep baklava is famously made with pistachios. Iran favours the same. Elsewhere walnuts are popular – bringing a welcome hint of bitterness against the sweetness of the syrup – as are almonds. Whichever variety you use, they should be finely chopped but not ground to a paste. The texture is essential.

You don’t need any sugar, given the deluge of syrup to come. Only butter – a little to unite the nuts and more to separate the pastry – is necessary. Choose between the warmth of cardamom, cinnamon or cloves for spicing and then get going on the layers, as many as fit in the tin. Cut through them to create a net of diamonds before baking. Last, add the syrup.

A simple one of sugar and water is a good start. The addition of honey brings a different kind of sweetness, a splash of lemon juice a gratifying contrast. Orange-blossom water and rose water are traditional but potent, and should be used sparingly. The syrup, however, should not. Don’t be shy with it: embrace the sugar.

Unusually, Roden recommends chilling the syrup before pouring it over the pastries the moment they come out of the oven (or simply dunking them in it). Others urge you to apply syrup hot before briefly baking the baklava again and eating once cool. Take your sweet time. ■ .