Nato poised to harden position on China as support for Russia deepens distrust

27/6/2022 5:03:00 AM

52% of Nato members view China as a security threat.

Nato Members, China

52% of Nato members view China as a security threat.

As Nato leaders prepare to convene in Madrid next week for their annual summit, observers say the world's largest defence alliance is likely to harden its stance towards China over its position on Russia 's war in Ukraine. China is expected to be identified for the first time in Nato 's new strategic concept, a key document charting the 30-member bloc's future security trail and military development to be adopted at the summit. A recent Nato survey across all member states found China was viewed a

Do you have questions about the biggest topics and trends from around the world? Get the answers with"China is openly contesting the rules-based international order," Nato chief Jens Stoltenberg told an event organised by media firm Politico in Brussels this week, in a sharp departure from his tone a year ago.

some challenges"Nato is an organisation that concerns the North Atlantic, China has little to do with the North Atlantic," French President Emmanuel Macron had said after the summit.Nato Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg in Brussels, Belgium. Photo: EPA-EFE alt=Nato Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg in Brussels, Belgium. Photo: EPA-EFE>

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Erdogan tells Sweden, NATO leaders that Turkey awaits steps for NATO bidsISTANBUL: President Tayyip Erdogan told the heads of NATO and Sweden on Saturday (Jun 25) that Nordic countries must take binding steps to address Turkey's concerns and overcome its opposition to their membership bids, Turkish state media reported. Sweden and Finland applied for NATO membership in response 🇺🇦🇷🇺Um soldado ucraniano disse que os moradores locais estão do lado da Rússia e esperam a chegada das forças russas. Siga a sputnikbrasil para acompanhar todas as notícias envolvendo as tensões na Ucrânia

South Korea's Yoon to meet US, Japan leaders in Spain during Nato summit

South Korean President Yoon to meet US, Japan leaders in Spain during NATO summitSEOUL: South Korean President Yoon Suk-yeol will meet leaders of the United States and Japan on Wednesday (Jun 29) during the North Atlantic Treaty Organization ( NATO ) summit in Madrid, an official at the presidential office said on Sunday. The trilateral meeting will be the first such gathering since Sept New broom sweep clean but missed all the old corners. Be friendly to your neighbours... Try hard... Not with someone who look completely different and don't share any culture at all... They are treating you like another Ukraine...

Nato to pledge aid to Baltics and Ukraine, urge Turkey to let in Nordics

Erdogan to meet with leaders of Sweden, Finland before NATO summitISTANBUL: Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan will attend a round of talks with the leaders of Sweden and Finland, as well as NATO on Tuesday (Jun 28) ahead of the summit in Madrid, Turkish presidential spokesman Ibrahim Kalin said on Sunday. Finland and Sweden applied for NATO membership in response to Russi

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China is expected to be identified for the first time in Nato's new strategic concept, a key document charting the 30-member bloc's future security trail and military development to be adopted at the summit.ISTANBUL: President Tayyip Erdogan told the heads of NATO and Sweden on Saturday (Jun 25) that Nordic countries must take binding steps to address Turkey's concerns and overcome its opposition to their membership bids, Turkish state media reported.Copy to clipboard https://str.SEOUL: South Korean President Yoon Suk-yeol will meet leaders of the United States and Japan on Wednesday (Jun 29) during the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) summit in Madrid, an official at the presidential office said on Sunday.

A recent Nato survey across all member states found China was viewed as a security threat by 52 per cent of respondents, an increase of 11 percentage points from 2021. Do you have questions about the biggest topics and trends from around the world? Get the answers with SCMP Knowledge , our new platform of curated content with explainers, FAQs, analyses and infographics brought to you by our award-winning team. But Ankara surprised allies in opposing the bids on grounds it says Stockholm and Helsinki support Kurdish militants like the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), and they maintain arms embargos on Turkey. "China is openly contesting the rules-based international order," Nato chief Jens Stoltenberg told an event organised by media firm Politico in Brussels this week, in a sharp departure from his tone a year ago. President Yoon and Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida are not likely to hold a separate meeting, the official added. Chinese investments in new modern military equipment and desire to control critical infrastructure in Europe had made it all the more important for Nato to develop a stronger stance, the secretary general said. On one call, Erdogan told Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson that Turkey wants to see the"concrete and clear applications of binding commitments Sweden will make" before backing its bid, Anadolu agency reported. The tough rhetoric stood in contrast to Stoltenberg's comments at the Nato summit in Brussels last year, where he said that while China's military build-up, growing influence and coercive behaviour posed some challenges to the alliance's security, there remained opportunities to engage with Beijing, especially on"issues like climate change and arms control". Yoon, who was sworn in on May 10, will be the first South Korean president to attend a NATO summit, as the country, along with Japan, Australia and New Zealand, has been invited as the organisation's Asia-Pacific partners.

Other Nato members last year had also taken a more moderate approach, brushing off the need to focus on China. Source: Reuters. Mr Yoon, who was sworn in on May 10, will be the first South Korean president to attend a Nato summit, as the country, along with Japan, Australia and New Zealand, has been invited as the organisation's Asia-Pacific partners. "Nato is an organisation that concerns the North Atlantic, China has little to do with the North Atlantic," French President Emmanuel Macron had said after the summit. "So, it's very important that we don't scatter ourselves and that we don't bias our relationship with China." Story continues Nato Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg in Brussels, Belgium. Photo: EPA-EFE alt=Nato Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg in Brussels, Belgium.

Photo: EPA-EFE> Those views have been echoed this year by diplomats from Lithuania and Portugal, who are still apprehensive about focusing on China - since Nato does not share any immediate borders with the country, unlike with Russia. "China is not an adversary to Nato and should not be regarded as one," China's European affairs chief, Wang Lutong, asserted ahead of the summit. "China poses no challenge ...

and has brought economic opportunities to the world, including Nato members," Wang tweeted on Friday. China 🇨🇳 is not an adversary to and should not be regarded as one. China poses no challenge, and its rise is for delivering better lives to the Chinese people, and has brought economic opportunities to the world, including NATO members. - 王鲁彤 Wang Lutong (@WangLutongMFA) June 24, 2022 Ramon Pacheco Pardo, professor of international relations and regional envoy for East and Southeast Asia at King's College London, said China's failure to condemn Russia was the main threat to Nato nations. Addressing an online BRICS emerging markets forum on Thursday, Chinese President Xi Jinping again reiterated support for Russia and lashed out against Western sanctions imposed on the Kremlin.

"I think there is also a perception that China will support Russia if necessary when it comes to the cyber domain, and it will also support Russia in arms transfers," noted Pardo."So Nato members feel threatened." The expanding influence of China and the need to address the security challenges posed by it was first recognised by Nato in a declaration following its 2019 London summit. European Nato members will develop a more realistic approach towards China than they did a year or two ago, forecast Jim Townsend, former US deputy assistant defence secretary for Europe and Nato under president Barack Obama. "For a long time, European nations were not necessarily looking at China and the Indo-Pacific the same way as the US.

Now, however, there's been a very different turn, particularly with China the way it is and due to its activities in Hong Kong and in other parts of Asia," Townsend said. "This has made Europe realise that what happens in the Indo-Pacific with China, impacts them too." "But what Nato will do as an alliance and what the nations do individually with respect to China and the Indo-Pacific, is yet to be determined and could be discussed at the summit," Townsend pointed out. Joris Teer, China analyst at the Hague Centre for Strategic Studies was of a similar view, and noted that dependence on the US military and dismay over Beijing's support for Moscow will also lead to become more open to American policy proposals on China and the Indo-Pacific. Twenty-one of the 30 Nato countries are also members of the 27-nation EU.

Besides China, discussions about Asia-Pacific security will also feature at the summit, with Australia, Japan, New Zealand and South Korea attending as"partner" nations. South Korea, in particular,"is keen to use this summit to discuss North Korea's nuclear programme," national security adviser Kim Sung-han said earlier this month. "That matters for South Korea," said Pardo at King's College,"because it can show that there are other countries in Europe and the US that also see North Korea as a threat." "This can lead to practical cooperation, especially on cyber [security] and information sharing, between Nato and the Asia-Pacific." Townsend believes the presence of the four partner nations will mainly help Nato support the Asia-Pacific region better.

"These nations have got concerns and Nato wants to be aware of those concerns. So I think you will see Nato this time talk about China and other threats in this part of the world with these nations, which will ultimately benefit global security," he said. This article originally appeared in the .