Who is on the climate negotiations holdout list?
COP26 is the prime venue for asking countries to do more
Todd Gillespie and Akshat RathiAn aerial view shows machinery working in an open-pit coal mine in Ejin Horo Banner, Ordos, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China. File photo: CHINA DAILY via REUTERSMore than 190 countries signed on the dotted line of the Paris Agreement in 2015, forming a new global consensus on the imperative to halt rising temperatures. The collective results since then haven’t been enough. Overall planet-warming emissions have gone up, turning COP26 into the prime venue for asking countries to do more. But some attendees stand out for their reluctance to do almost anything at all. This is a guide to the holdouts who arrive in Glasgow, Scotland, without significant plans to curb their enormous emissions.
SAThe third-largest economy in Africa is in dire straits. Eskom is struggling to pay down its debt and keep the lights on. President Cyril Ramaphosa, a former head of SA’s largest mining union, wants to commit to a net-zero by 2050 goal — but also plans to keep burning coal. SA has begun to seek help from rich countries to manage its debt in return for stronger climate commitments.
RussiaA common link between several holdouts is their abundance of fossil resources, and that’s certainly the case for Russia. There’s a lot of coal, oil and gas the country intends to sell. President Vladimir Putin is so confident even the dirtiest fossil fuel still has a future that he’s spending more than $10bn on a railroad to ramp up coal exports to Asia. He announced a net-zero goal of 2060 ahead of COP26 without providing details of how that could change Russia’s short-term targets. Officials have instead talked up Russia’s vast forests, but climate experts don’t agree that the trees can stand against all the pollution. headtopics.com
Saudi ArabiaAs one of the world’s largest oil producers, Saudi Arabia is almost completely reliant on profits from fossil fuels. It’s also a huge consumer of dirty energy, with one of the highest per-capita carbon footprints in the world. Attempts to diversify the economy in order to clean up its pollution haven’t borne results. Although the country is bathed in some of the world’s best solar and wind resources, it’s been slow to take advantage of clean energy.
BrazilBrazil is home to both the Amazon rainforest, one of the world’s largest carbon sinks, and to a leader who has few qualms about denying the reality of climate change. President Jair Bolsonaro has opened vast tracts of the forest to beef and soy production and wants other governments to pay the country to stop destroying biodiverse habitats. Without that funding — a crucial subject for negotiators at COP26 — he won’t pursue any commitments to reaching net zero emissions.
AustraliaAustralia falls in the rare category of democratic countries sitting on huge fossil-fuel reserves. It’s also among the few rich countries that’s very vulnerable to climate change. Like the US, the influence of the coal and gas lobby has made its politics toxic and hamstrung the country from taking any decisive action. Unlike the US, however, the country has so far resisted international pressure to make a net-zero commitment.
IndiaWhenever questions about net zero are raised, the Indian government is quick to remind the world that its per capita emissions are much lower than average. The problem of climate change, it argues, has been created by wealthier countries such the US and the UK, which spewed billions of tons of CO₂ while industrialising over the last century. India hasn’t pledged to eliminate its emission, making it the only one of the 10 largest economies to refuse. But it can point to its sprawling build-out of renewables backed by a goal to quadruple capacity by 2030. headtopics.com
IranThe world’s sixth-largest emitter has yet to ratify the Paris agreement. The country faces US sanctions on its nuclear programmes and other economic activities. It says if sanctions were removed, it would be open to raising its climate ambition. Like its Saudi neighbor, the country has huge solar and wind resources that could aid its eventual decarbonisation.
MexicoIn August a state-owned oil rig burst into flames, and the footage went viral on social media, becoming a visceral symbol of Mexico’s role in a climate catastrophe. The rest of the country isn’t in much better condition: A summer drought covered almost 80% of the country, and the central bank warned of rising farm prices and, more broadly, inflation. The government’s plan to nationalise the power sector could undercut renewables production. Without stronger climate commitments, critics doubt Mexico’s commitment to reducing emissions, especially as it ramps up oil output.
TurkeyWildfires ravaged Turkey’s idyllic coastline this northern hemisphere summer. But even as its skies turned red, its politicians were largely silent on climate change. In October, the nation became the last Group of 20 country to ratify the Paris Agreement, though it wouldn’t commit to aggressive emission cuts. The target for reaching net zero is 2053. Turkey’s neglect of its vast and untapped potential in solar power has puzzled experts. Instead, coal production has risen to reduce dependence on imported natural gas.Read more: Business Day »
LIVESTREAM: Police Minister testifies at SAHRC hearings
The Human Rights Commission hearings into the July unrest continues on Friday.
Mali govt denies approving jihadist negotiationsThe government was directly contradicting a press release issued by its own religious-affairs ministry last week, which said that it had been charged with engaging in dialogue with Islamist groups.
G20 urged to increase climate pledgesAction by rich countries to set the tone for COP26 summit in Scotland I was impressed by the professionalism of Mr Dereck0111 From the moment of my first free consultation,to the moment I got my profit,She's trustworthy,reliable and understanding... Dereck0111
MOFEREFERE LEKOROTSOANA: Shouts for just energy transition grow louderPoor and developing nations bear the brunt of climate change though they are not the main culprits I was impressed by the professionalism of Mr Dereck0111 From the moment of my first free consultation,to the moment I got my profit,She's trustworthy,reliable and understanding... Dereck0111 𝐈 𝐬𝐭𝐚𝐫𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐞𝐚𝐫𝐧𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐝𝐚𝐲 𝐈 𝐭𝐨𝐨𝐤 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐜𝐨𝐮𝐫𝐚𝐠𝐞 𝐭𝐨 𝐠𝐢𝐯𝐞 𝐚 𝐭𝐫ial with frankneno1 𝐚𝐧𝐝 ever since then I have not had any issues of scam all thanks to frankneno1 𝐬𝐮𝐜𝐜𝐞𝐬𝐬𝐟𝐮𝐥 𝐰𝐢𝐭𝐡𝐝𝐫𝐚𝐰𝐚𝐥.
MOFEREFERE LEKOROTSOANA: Shouts for just energy transition grow louderPoor and developing nations bear the brunt of climate change though they are not the main culprits So many bitcon traders on Twitter are trickster LindaStouffes thank you for opening my eyes to their ways now I’m pretty sure I’ll be able to help others God will keep on blessing you and your family I was impressed by the professionalism of Mr Dereck0111 From the moment of my first free consultation,to the moment I got my profit,She's trustworthy,reliable and understanding... Dereck0111 𝐈 𝐬𝐭𝐚𝐫𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐞𝐚𝐫𝐧𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐝𝐚𝐲 𝐈 𝐭𝐨𝐨𝐤 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐜𝐨𝐮𝐫𝐚𝐠𝐞 𝐭𝐨 𝐠𝐢𝐯𝐞 𝐚 𝐭𝐫ial with frankneno1 𝐚𝐧𝐝 ever since then I have not had any issues of scam all thanks to frankneno1 𝐬𝐮𝐜𝐜𝐞𝐬𝐬𝐟𝐮𝐥 𝐰𝐢𝐭𝐡𝐝𝐫𝐚𝐰𝐚𝐥.
IMF sees Africa lagging in rebound from pandemic blowLow rates of vaccination against COVID-19 across the continent top the list of reasons for the slower recovery, the Washington-based institution said in a biannual report on the region. No lie .....South Africa has lagged behind since 1994.....today its just one more Failed African State
Workers hope bill will stop poor pay as mine bosses earn bigThe draft Companies Amendment Bill 2021 which wants to allow the disclosure of salaries of company bosses against those of lowest paid employees is causing tensions between labour and established business and giving bosses sleepless nights. mphoza248