When will kids under 5 be able to get a COVID-19 vaccine?

When will kids under 5 be able to get a COVID-19 vaccine?


12/8/2021 2:00:00 AM

When will kids under 5 be able to get a COVID-19 vaccine?

The latest data on Pfizer, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine trials for young kids.

recently saying that its two-dose mRNA vaccine is safe and effective in 6- to 11-year-olds. And Moderna trials involving kids 6 months and up are ongoing.When it comes to the single-dose Johnson & Johnson vaccine, the company told TODAY in a statement that it"has initiated its phase 2/3 HORIZON 2 clinical trial in healthy adolescents from 12 to 17 years with the goal of obtaining valuable insights into the safety and immune responses of our vaccine in this critical group." The company did not share information about trials in younger age groups.

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As exciting as all that is, the reality is that many parents of young kids are still anxiously awaiting their turn to get their children vaccinated. Here's the latest on the status of ongoing pediatric COVID-19 vaccine trials in the U.S. and more on the careful work that goes into developing vaccines for young kids.

Finding the perfect doseIn the first phase of the pediatric Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine clinical trials, researchers were focused on finding the right dose, Dr. Simon Li, director of the division of pediatric critical care at Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson School of Medicine, told TODAY. headtopics.com

In that initial process, the researchers were looking for two things, said Li, who is leading the work at one of 81 sites working on a Pfizer phase 2/3 clinical trial with kids ages 6 months to 11 years old."One is how much of the vaccine you need to get a good immune reaction. And the second thing is how many side effects you have." The right dose is one that provides satisfactory protection against COVID-19 with the fewest side effects.

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During the trials for 5- to 11-year-olds, researchers tested three doses of the Pfizer vaccine: 10, 20 and 30 micrograms, with 30 being the same dose used in adults and 12- to 15-year-olds. They found that for this age group, a 10 microgram dose was enough to get a satisfactory immune response with way fewer side effects.

"We had more fevers at the 30 microgram dose and the 10 micrograms gave a really good immune response. We didn't need to go higher," Dr. Kawsar Talaat, a vaccinologist at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health who is involved with Pfizer's pediatric vaccine trials, told TODAY.

Nov. 3, 202104:58And the same appears to be true for this younger group, Li said. Kids under 5 are getting just 3 micrograms in each dose right now in the Pfizer trials, he explained, but they're still investigating the efficacy of that dose.For the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine, the right dose in kids under 6 appears to be just 25% of the adult dose, Dr. Bill Hartman, principal investigator for UW Health’s KidCOVE Moderna pediatric vaccine trial, told TODAY. In children ages 6 to 11, the company deemed a 50 microgram dose effective, which is half the size of the adult dose. headtopics.com

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Hartman anticipates that Moderna will be able to begin interpreting data about its vaccine in younger kids in mid-January and the company will decide whether or not to pursue an emergency use authorization at that time. When the emergency use authorization comes through from the FDA, that's when kids who received a placebo during the trial will be able to switch to the actual vaccine or another vaccine that's authorized for their age group, he explained.

What parents need to knowWhile parents wait, it's important to remember that researchers are working quickly but carefully."No corners were cut in the development of this vaccine," Talaat said."The reason we were able to get vaccines out so very quickly is that there was a tremendous amount of resources, in terms of financial resources, but also in terms of expertise, personnel and staff."

Plus, researchers working on pediatric vaccine trials have the benefit of building on the data we already have for the millions of COVID-19 vaccine doses given to adults, Talaat explained. And that’s not usually the case for pediatric vaccines.To keep an eye out for

potential side effects

Read more: TODAY »

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Why? Why? They are at zero risk. I’m vaxxed and boosted- to not get sick - or not to spread it if I am. My child with her body and brain still in development does not need to protect you- adults can Vax - old and sick can boost. It’s a no for the kids at this point.

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Here’s How Covid-19 Vaccine Makers Plan To Tackle OmicronI am a London-based reporter for Forbes covering breaking news. Previously, I have worked as a reporter for a specialist legal publication covering big data and as a freelance journalist and policy analyst covering science, tech and health. I have a master’s degree in Biological Natural Sciences and a master’s degree in the History and Philosophy of Science from the University of Cambridge. Follow me on Twitter theroberthart or email me at rhartforbes.com No go9d the vaccine with RNAm for atletic!because dont' t are true and save peolple! Can you explain this