Trucks Move Past Cars on the Road to Autonomy

1/20/2022 10:10:00 PM
Trucks Move Past Cars on the Road to Autonomy

Money is pouring into autonomous trucking startups, just as many are souring on the short-term prospects for self-driving cars.

Self-Driving Cars, Autonomous Vehicles

The makers of self-driving trucks are focusing on comparatively simpler highway driving, and expect human drivers to handle local streets. (From 2021)

Money is pouring into autonomous trucking startups, just as many are souring on the short-term prospects for self-driving cars .

-like rides without a human behind the wheel.But by late 2019, Aurora’s emphasis had shifted. It said self-driving trucks, not cars, would be quicker to hit public roads en masse. Its executives, who had steadfastly refused to provide a timeline for their self-driving-car software, now say trucks equipped with its “Aurora Driver” will hit the roads in 2023 or 2024, with ride-hail vehicles following a year or two later. This month, the company announced it would go public via a reverse merger, raising $2 billion in the process. “We have a team that really understands how hard this problem is,” says Urmson.

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That'd be level 4 autonomous driving at best we presume? So they'd still require a driver just in case? Is the driver gonna receive a full pay then? If not, then where does the lower cost come from? Too many questions. How do they check their loads and inspect and change tyres? 'The makers of self-driving trucks are focusing on comparatively simpler highway driving, and expect human drivers to handle local streets' (From 2021) Don't be surprised when train robbers move into remote-control driverless truck hijacking

This is awesome race2840 As long as they don’t live in the passing lane like their human counterparts. Smart. Makes a lot of sense.

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2022 Grammy Awards relocate to Las Vegas and move to April

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But by late 2019, Aurora’s emphasis had shifted. It said self-driving trucks, not cars, would be quicker to hit public roads en masse. It has a standard lithium-ion battery coupled to a nano-based ultracapacitor, creating a hybrid battery system. Its executives, who had steadfastly refused to provide a timeline for their self-driving-car software, now say trucks equipped with its “Aurora Driver” will hit the roads in 2023 or 2024, with ride-hail vehicles following a year or two later. This month, the company announced it would go public via a reverse merger, raising $2 billion in the process. “Nawa Racer is our vision for the electric motorbike of tomorrow,” said Pascal Boulanger, founder of Nawa Technologies. “We have a team that really understands how hard this problem is,” says Urmson. We are humbled by their generosity and grateful for their unwavering commitment to the Grammy Awards and the Academy's mission.

The move points to a growing consensus in the industry: If self-driving vehicles are going to happen, trucks will likely arrive before cars. But thanks to its revolutionary electric powertrain, which combines Nawa’s ultracapacitors with lithium ion, it also lays down a blueprint for the future. For evidence, follow the money. Investors have poured $11 billion into autonomous truck startups in the past two and a half years, more than $5 billion of that in the first five months of this year alone, according to the data and research company PitchBook. Car deals. Aurora last week announced plans to go public, joining a convoy of other autonomous truck startups: Embark Trucks in June and the companies Plus andTuSimple in the spring. Competitors Waymo —a Google sister company—and Locomation are reportedly eyeing similar moves. Read MoreYou can see the full list of nominees, which were announced back in November, here.

The investor enthusiasm for self-driving trucks reflects a view that the business case may be more appealing than that for self-driving cars, which companies have said will make their debut as robotic ride-hail vehicles. Traditional truck makers and carriers are signing deals with tech companies, signaling optimism in the self-driving future. And the pandemic showed just how vital trucking and logistics are to the economy. “This is a snowball effect, and building steadily,” says Don Burnette, cofounder and CEO of Kodiak Robotics, another self-driving truck startup, which recently announced investments from BMW i Ventures and tire maker Bridgestone. Content originates from.

Another reason autonomous trucks may arrive before cars: For now, they’re only tackling the easy parts of self-driving, and they're skipping some of the hardest. The makers of self-driving trucks are focusing on highways, which are generally wide and smooth, with steady traffic flow. They anticipate staging drivers at exits, to handle the more challenging local streets. But that’s precisely where robotaxis will be most in demand. They’ll have to contend with less predictable characters, like people on foot, bike, and scooter.

Building software to predict the movements of that group is a harder job. Of course, self-driving trucks rely on much of the same technology as self-driving cars, and so truck makers had the benefit of a running start, if you will, leveraging more than a decade of hard-won lessons. At Waymo, engineers collaborate across vehicles on common software and hardware-integration challenges, says Charlie Jatt, the company’s head of commercialization for trucking. But these days, trucks look like a more appealing bet. The American Trucking Association says shippers paid $791 billion to move goods by truck in 2019; by contrast, Aurora estimates the annual market for ride-hail vehicles at $35 billion.

Tech developers reason that if they lower the cost of shipping, they can keep a cut of the savings. “There's clearly a need for robotaxis in dense cities, but outside dense cities, where everyone has their own car, you need to create demand,” says Asad Hussain, who analyzes mobility companies at PitchBook. The makers of self-driving trucks say their technology will save shippers money. Embark says its self-driving technology, which it hopes to sell to fleet operators as a subscription, will save 80 cents per mile, cutting costs compared to human-driven trucks in half. Robots, after all, don’t need to be paid and don’t need rest breaks.

They won’t quit, sparing carriers labor shortages. And robots don’t have a union. Human drivers might continue to handle short-haul trucking jobs, the companies say, a more localized job that will allow them to spend more time at home rather than on the road. The company Plus, which is testing self-driving trucks in China and the US, says its first trucks will help human drivers do their job more safely, and will collect data as they go. Eventually, around 2024, the company hopes to put that data to work when it pulls the human from the car.

The process will “take some time,” says founder and CEO David Liu. The union is skeptical. “Embracing technology as some sort of cure-all for the problems that plague the industry is missing the mark,” says Sam Loesche, senior legislative and policy representative of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. Some of the recent investor enthusiasm reflects the new-found importance of logistics amid pandemic-related disruptions, including .