The Geopolitics of the Energy Transformation: The Hydrogen Factor

The Geopolitics of the Energy Transformation: The Hydrogen Factor

1/19/2022 8:18:00 AM

The Geopolitics of the Energy Transformation: The Hydrogen Factor

The author has attempted to summarize and paraphrase a comprehensive and detailed report from International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) . The data is presented in horizontal bar graphs. For a full understanding the reader is urged to study the report in full. Based on two surveys, the first to IRENA member countries had a response rate of 22%, the second to topical experts had a response rate of 48%.

From the survey results, it appears that most countries were already building networks and setting themselves up to be hydrogen exporters by 2050. Over 50% said their country preferred to use renewable energy to produce hydrogen; over 40% were agnostic; less than 5% were looking at using fossil fuels with carbon capture and storage (CCS).

They saw the main use for hydrogen in their economies being for transport of all forms — road, air, and maritime. Some saw a use for hydrogen in balancing the grid and some for industry applications.Foreign relations will change as new bilateral trade relations are built around hydrogen. This will lead to a regionalization of energy relations and a decrease in the fossil fuel trade. It is expected that the hydrogen will be transported by pipeline (both refurbished gas pipelines and dedicated new-build), and by ships mainly as ammonia. 90% of this hydrogen will be renewable based.

Read more: CleanTechnica »

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