Books, Women And Girls, Islam, Isıs, Isıl, Islamic State, Shamima Begum, Azadeh Moaveni, Middle East, Syria, Guest House For Young Widows

Books, Women And Girls

Inside the Minds of the Women Who Joined ISIS

Azadeh Moaveni’s “Guest House for Young Widows” tries to understand why middle-class girls and women would join a jihadist movement.

12.9.2019

Review: Azadeh Moaveni has written a powerful, indispensable book on a challenging subject: the inner lives and motivations of women who joined or supported the Islam ic State militant group.

Azadeh Moaveni ’s “Guest House for Young Widows” tries to understand why middle-class girls and women would join a jihadist movement.

the Islamic State militant group . It is a great read, digestible and almost novelistic, but it is much more than that. “Guest House for Young Widows: Among the Women of ISIS” tackles many taboos that have hampered cleareyed discussion of Islamist extremism in general and ISIS in particular. The book provides an illuminating, much-needed corrective to stock narratives, not only about the group that deliberately and deftly terrified officials and publics across the world, but also about the larger “war on terror” and the often ineffective, even counterproductive policies of Western and Middle Eastern governments. Moaveni follows 13 women and girls — Tunisian, British, Syrian and German — creating three-dimensional portraits of their worlds, their logic, the choices available and unavailable to them. She made me hang on every turn to find out what would happen to them. This approach will likely infuriate some audiences, especially after years of media coverage that portrayed such women as uniquely evil, bloodthirsty extremists, or as brainwashed fetishists hot for jihadi men. Moaveni anticipates such objections, acknowledging “the extraordinary horror and centrality” of the suffering of women victimized by Islamic State, like the Yazidis whose enslavement and rape have received enormous, sometimes prurient, coverage. “But along the way,” she writes, “we have been perhaps too caught up in revulsion to fully appreciate the conditions that gave rise to the group’s female adherents.” To truly understand these conditions, Moaveni argues, we must look at these women “with more nuance and compassion.” Her call is urgent now, as hundreds of female ISIS members, or former members, and their children languish in camps and detention centers across the Middle East, subject to summary trials, the stripping of citizenship and indefinite incarceration in dangerously filthy conditions. Governments, including the United States and the United Kingdom, are dumping the problem of their own citizens who joined ISIS on ill-equipped authorities in Iraq and Syria. [ This book was one of our most anticipated titles of September. See the full list . ] Moaveni’s central observation, a theme that surfaces again and again in her detailed accounts, is that the decisions of female ISIS recruits — some of them young girls — made sense to them on their own terms. But almost no one bothered to address them on those terms when it mattered. The book highlights the failures of families, communities and governments to listen to the real and legitimate concerns of the women and girls, concerns that ISIS exploited, and address them in ways that could have made better sense to them than the call of the caliphate. As Moaveni writes, one challenge was, and is, that such discussions can come perilously close to sounding like sympathizing with ISIS. From the United States and Europe to the Arab states, counterterrorism dragnets too often equate any degree of Islam-infused politics with support for Islamic State or Al Qaeda. Worse, in this atmosphere, any political discussion among young Muslims about the geopolitical or social issues most pressing to them increasingly risks being labeled “jihadist.” Moaveni pulls no punches about what has helped to get us here. As ISIS carved out its so-called caliphate amid larger, politically driven conflicts in Syria and Iraq, she writes, it used “highly manipulative and effective” tools to draw recruits, subjugate populations and eliminate “the gray zone” of coexistence for Muslims in the West. But by playing on the world’s fears of Islam, they provided “cheap kindling for reporting that took the militants’ religious claims at face value.” Thus, Moaveni writes, “ISIS became, in the Western imagination, a satanic force unlike anything civilization had encountered since it began recording histories of combat with the Trojan Wars.” It was seen as somehow uniquely incomprehensible, requiring a whole new class of “demonologists,” as Moaveni slyly labels them, to inspect just how rooted ISIS was, or wasn’t, in mainstream Islam. Less attention was given to the group’s origins in “American policies and wars,” or to the lived experiences of Muslims in the West and elsewhere, or to the “cold calculation” of many in the West that Syria’s violently repressive president, Bashar al-Assad, was preferable to any likely religious alternative. As Moaveni shows, Islamic texts may provide clues about some ISIS leaders and theologians, but they were rather beside the point for thousands of foot soldiers, administrators and go-along-to-get-along caliphate residents who mostly lacked religious expertise and were driven by a varied mix of politics, faith, economics and self-preservation. The particular individuals Moaveni concentrates on have page-turning life stories that make the book’s analysis go down easy. Their starting points are diverse: Nour, a Tunisian teenager, was stifled by an authoritarian secular government, inspired by the peaceful revolution that toppled it and disillusioned when the revolt’s promise faded. Emma, a lonely young German, converted because she loved the warm Muslim community of her German-Turkish friends. Lina, a Lebanese-German, left her abusive husband and found solace in increased observance, only to be rejected by her secular Lebanese father. Asma, Aws and Dua were not-particularly-religious residents of Raqqa, Syria, forced to game out survival when ISIS took over their city. And then there are the three Bethnal Green girls, from a well-regarded London high school. They were friends of Shamima Begum , and all four absconded to ISIS when they were in their teens. Begum, whose parents are from Bangladesh, recently resurfaced in a camp and was stripped of her British citizenship after being judged insufficiently apologetic. She had given birth to three children, one in the camp. All of them had died. As Moaveni acknowledges, some of her sources may have had incentives to play down involvement and emphasize dissent. However, her portrayals dovetail with what my colleagues and I learned in years of reporting, and she goes deep into her sources’ experiences to provide convincing answers to crucial puzzles. For one, why was Tunisia, the relative success story of the Arab revolts, a top supplier of recruits? (She points to failed reforms and the dashed hopes of newly galvanized observant youth.) For another: Why were some academically successful second-generation Britons drawn to the group, and how could their parents not have known, or stopped them? Here, Moaveni is particularly poignant and incisive. If these poor, sometimes non-English-speaking immigrant parents had time to notice daughters spending more time at mosques, they saw that as a sign of good values and safety. She brings to life the children’s chafing between their freewheeling London environment, pressure to succeed and conservative family strictures. And she homes in on a prickly subject. The pain and anger over the West’s treatment of Muslims, while exploited by ISIS, are entirely mainstream in Muslim households, including the vast majority that deplore any violence against civilians. But children alienated from their parents, like converts with no family context, were vulnerable to extremists. Even more disturbing, Moaveni reports that the Bethnal Green parents were not informed directly by the school, or the police, that one of their daughters’ friends had run off to join ISIS. The British police, she writes, knew one girl was in Turkey on her way to ISIS but failed to have Turkish authorities stop her. Did they treat young teenagers as counterterrorism pawns, Moaveni and the girls’ families wonder, rather than victims needing urgent rescue? For me, these questions raised another: Would they have treated white British girls the same way? Finally, for all its compelling material, one of the book’s lasting accomplishments is its form. It is a master class in illustrating the big picture through small stories. And it uses women’s experiences — still so often framed as a subplot — to reach the heart of ISIS. Centering a narrative on women leads, here, to a superior analysis of the overall subject, and this is a lesson with applications far beyond ISIS. Anne Barnard covered Syria for The Times as Beirut bureau chief from 2012 to 2018, and previously served as Iraq bureau chief and Middle East bureau chief for The Boston Globe. GUEST HOUSE FOR YOUNG WIDOWS Among the Women of ISIS By Azadeh Moaveni 338 pp. Random House. $38. Related Coverage Read more: The New York Times

Human race survived till date because it could eliminate the threats that posed danger to their existence. And they did it successfully because then there was no one to defend the threats with lame justifications. The Arab rising in Tunisia failed to live up to the expectations of their people Well, why should i in another Country pay the price with my children's life?I have every right to kill them at its source I erg NYPD to start an investigation about who and how NY times is financed

Why are you pushing this? Of course historical documentation is necessary BUT I mean “She made me hang on every turn to find out what would happen to them.” Referring to those terrorists! Wow. If only the victims had that sympathy. Maybe more would’ve been done to save them/their communities Media seems to think terrorists are more deserving of exploration/attention than the victims. How about their victims’ inner lives? Those pigs are terrorists inspired by toxic ideology/false god. Simple as that. No nuance. No compassion from me. I can’t with isis sympathizers

Trying to defend terrorists now...enemy of the people new york slimes! She is terrorist, she must be prisoned! There’s nothing “powerful” about being a terrorist..GTFOH.. Good book. Join the potters . There's nothing 'challenging' or 'indispensable' about it. They sympathize with their beliefs, likely assisted with crimes against humanity, and romanticized killing of non believers. Gfy.

Only trash inside.

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Traitors Speaking of islamists--those (going under various names) who've attacked Americans,American interests, American mainland since Jefferson's time & esp. in last 40+ yrs--- reminder of the pitiful rag that once was a newspaper. 'Airplanes took aim' FakeNews NeverForget911 When someone wants to kill me, I don’t really care about their inner lives.

'here is how women who leave their families and countries to join ISIS, a Terrorist Organization are actually the victims' I don’t even remember now. Why am I supposed to hate ISIS? Were they involved in 9/11? “Brain damage, my life as an islamic hefty bag.” With this mentality it's no wonder why America is going extinct!

They are called 'Terrorists' . Wow did you guys have to make this article so close to 9-11 you go to bed after remembering those who we have lost and wake up to this. Seems kind of disrespectful. They had no minds!

Brain Hacks for ADHD Minds at WorkRT ADDCrusher: Delighted that my feature article for ADDitudeMag is available online. Full of handy brain hacks for productivity, and while it's geared toward ADHD teens/adults, EVERYONE can benefit from these.... ADDCrusher The question I want answering is do you take money and gifts from drug companies?

Some Airplanes did something. ...all members of any TERRORIST organizations, deserve the (DEATH PENALTY), whether THEY'RE the (OIL billionaires) financing them, the bomb builders, the floor sweepers, or merely a well wisher.... They must be put in jail. Sister Azadeh explains it all to you

“The splits inside the party have become much more obvious”—Britain’s Conservatives in turmoilToday on “The Intelligence”: the future of Britain’s Conservatives, a bellwether election in North Carolina and the unsung human superpower of language 'The fate of the nation, had already been decided, now just a lot of incompetent, nobodies doing what they've always done, charade's 'take a good look ! even now, while'st folk think there about to drown, tossers are smiling & having a good laugh.. JohnGPeet The conservatives are dead. They've done nothing but make the lives of Britons worse. JohnGPeet The party Was full of remainers.who didnt understand the word democratic.

Inside Kaia Gerber’s 18th Birthday Party With Kendall Jenner, Leonardo DiCaprio, and Her FamilyThe model celebrated her birthday at the Paradise Club in Times Square Friday night with a slew of celebrities in attendance. rashifakilla

Florida cop finds bottle with a touching message inside“This bottle contains the cremation ashes of my son, Brian,' the letter read. 'I’m sending him on one last adventure.' ZOMG PLASTIC IN THE OCEAN!? am I the only one who is bothered by this? It seems to presume 'ashes' know how to feel. It was different when everyone honored Iz- it was like they celebrated and gave him away-this one is bothering me- Awwww my heart is melt

Inside Antoni Porowski's Luxurious, White-Marbled, and (Mostly) Unused KitchenQueer Eye's food guy antoni invited us into his kitchen to talk Taylor Swift, his new cookbook, and the six kitchen tools he can't live without: antoni Fun article! I mean, antoni isn't using any Kyocera products like our fave, bobbyberk. But whatevs. We won't hate. 🤪😘



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