Indonesia 's Habibie, president during transition to democracy, dies
Thousands of Indonesia ns gathered in Jakarta on Thursday to mourn former preside...3 Min Read JAKARTA (Reuters) - Thousands of Indonesians gathered in Jakarta on Thursday to mourn former president B.J. Habibie, who came to power as the world’s fourth largest nation endured a turbulent transition to democracy after former strongman Suharto stepped down in 1998. FILE PHOTO: Former Indonesian president B. J. Habibie waves as he arrives for a ceremony to officially open the new Australian embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia March 21, 2016. REUTERS/Garry Lotulung The 83-year-old Habibie had been suffering heart failure, his son Tariq Kemal Habibie told Metro TV late on Wednesday. People lined the streets as the cortege drove through central Jakarta for the state funeral at the Kalibata Heroes Memorial Park, where President Joko Widodo was set to lead the ceremony. An engineer by training, Habibie succeeded Suharto as Indonesia’s third president only months after becoming his deputy, just as the country sank into a spasms of rioting and economic upheaval following the Asian financial crisis. Taking over from Suharto, who had ruled the world’s most populous Muslim majority country with an iron fist for 32 years, Habibie held power for just 17 months. It fell to Habibie to oversee unpopular economic reforms prescribed by the International Monetary Fund at the height of the financial crisis, that were needed to bring inflation down from more than 80% and stabilize a rupiah currency after its value had crashed. Though he was a product of Suharto’s “New Order” administration, which gave a strong political role to the military and stifled opponents, Habibie oversaw democratic reforms to free political prisoners and allow press freedom. In an abrupt change to longheld policy, he also agreed to a referendum for the people of former Portuguese colony East Timor, which had been annexed in 1976 following an invasion by Indonesian troops in December 1975. The referendum in 1999 resulted in a vote for independence and unleashed a wave of violence. Habibie also eased discriminatory policies against Indonesia’s ethnic Chinese minority, including allowing the speaking and teaching of Mandarin and use of Chinese names that was previously discouraged by Suharto. Habibie was also known for his quest to turn Indonesia into a technological powerhouse, including trying to develop a national aircraft industry. Speaking at the hospital shortly after Habibie passed away, President Widodo described him as “the father of technology in Indonesia”. Mahathir Mohamad, prime minister of neighboring Malaysia, posted his condolences on Twitter and said the death of Habibie was a “big loss”. But for many ordinary people, however, it was the love story behind Habibie’s marriage to his late wife, Hasri Ainun Habibie, that most touched their hearts, and was celebrated in two popular movies. “His love for his wife was legendary,” wrote Kornelius Purba, a senior journalist for the Jakarta Post, in a column on Thursday. Ainun died in 2010. They are survived by two sons, neither of whom are involved in politics. Reporting by Tabita Diela, Nilufar Rizki and Gayatri Suroyo; Editing by Ed Davies and Simon Cameron-Moore Our Standards: Read more: Reuters Top News
RIP Habibie. It’s a longtime since I met with Pak - he certainly helped industries develop in Indonesia and ensured a smooth transition from the Suharto era. Thanks to Habibie. Thanks to his Family. And Thanks to Jerman. Fl0r_Geneva F theres are dark completely, look like a perfect eclipse, and theres are on, she like the big ben without the cycle, the sapphire are wonderful, and the cats cross are out of order and came down alone. What's that mmm
He calmed the masses when trend was against the Chinese during transition and stabilized the Rubiyah, a great leader there are dark completely, look like an eclipse, and he are on, he like the big ben without the cycle, the sapphire are wonderful, and the cross are out of order and came down alone. What's that mmm
He was a President as well as a genius aircraft and made the foundation of democracy in Indonesia to look like today. Goodbye Mr. President 🙏 RIPBJhabibie RIP....BJ Habibie
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https://people.comGet the latest news about celebrities, royals, music, TV, and real people. Find exclusive content, including photos and videos, on PEOPLE.com. In a hospital the doctors will pick up on the slowed heart rate right away and take action. Not sure if the necessary equipment to cover things that could go wrong is available for home births. The important thing is that she had the birthing experience that she desired. Better to give birth like it’s 1880 than have all of those annoying fetal monitors and lifesaving equipment. Her stupidity and selfishness may have lifelong ramifications for her child.