How can countries such as America and China raise birth rates?

Governments with ageing populations struggle to encourage people to have babies | The Economist explains

5/11/2021 4:52:00 PM

Census data show China has its slowest population growth in decades. In April we explained why low birth rates put more pressure on the Communist Party to abandon all its birth-control policies

Governments with ageing populations struggle to encourage people to have babies | The Economist explains

THE WORLD’S population will rise from around 7.9bn today to 9.7bn by 2050, according to the United Nations. But this growth is distributed unevenly. On May 5th federal figures showed that births in America dropped by 4% in 2020 compared with a year before, to 3.61m (the lowest number since 1979). And a week earlier the

‘Stop! You Don’t Have To Do This!’ Whispers Tiny Voice In Head Of Man Clicking On Article About Michael B. Jordan’s Cultural Appropriation Analysis: Britney Spears not only blazed a trail, she might just make us better humans Teamsters aims to step up efforts to unionize Amazon workers

Financial Timesreported that China’s census will show that its population has fallen below 1.4bn, lower than a year ago andthe first fall since records beganin 1949. The government denied it, but a Communist Party newspaper admitted that a decline is likely by next year. No European country is having enough babies to keep its population stable, which would require each woman to have an average of 2.1 children. In the OECD, a club of mostly rich countries, the birth rate is 1.6. Fertility rates are similarly low in rich parts of east Asia, such as South Korea, and declining in parts of Latin America and the Middle East. Japan, meanwhile, last year recorded fewer births than ever. Education, which encourages women to put off having children in order to work, and the cost of raising a family largely explain why. The covid-19 pandemic

may have made the problem worse. This creates headaches for governments, including slow economic growth and a bigger proportion of old people for the state to support. As a result, many are trying to buck the trend, with varying degrees of success.Clumsy approaches can backfire. In Italy, an advertising campaign that warned women their biological clocks were ticking was withdrawn in 2016 after complaints. Carrots are more common than sticks but can be expensive. Poland, for example, gives parents 500 zloty ($135) a month for each child after their second until their offspring reach 18 years old. When the policy was introduced in 2016, that amounted to 12% of the average annual wage. Russian families receive a one-off payment of more than 466,000 roubles ($6,270) when their second child is born, to be spent on housing, education or the mother’s pension. Some countries have seen modest increases in fertility after providing cash, but by doing so, governments may be reinforcing the idea that parenthood is hard without state assistance, says Wendy Sigle of the London School of Economics.

More sustainable approaches involve helping women to have both a career and children. This means subsidising child care, extending school hours, increasing parental leave and encouraging flexible office hours. Germanyhas had some successin raising its birth rate through generous parental-leave laws and giving infants a right to nursery places. Employers must also be willing to hire and promote mothers and create family-friendly working environments. And as would-be parents age, more countries may consider subsidising in-vitro fertilisation or even egg-freezing to help older women conceive. In Denmark, women under 40 can have three courses of state-funded IVF. A tenth of Danish babies are now conceived with the help of reproductive technology, the highest proportion in the world. Last year, Hungary nationalised IVF clinics to try to increase births.

But boosting births through government policies remains difficult. In Norway, despite family-friendly work hours and extensive welfare, the birth rate is falling. Some factors, such as relationship breakdowns or cultural attitudes to parenthood, remain outside government control. If rich countries cannot raise their birth rates, they will need to consider other solutions. Greater openness to migrants, who are normally of working age when they arrive, could ease the problem. China is unlikely to welcome them in large numbers. Low birth rates will put more pressure on the Communist Party to abandon its birth-control policies (families can still be fined for having more than two babies.) Another alternative is raising the age of retirement, but that would be deeply unpopular.

Editor’s note (May 5th 2021): Read more: The Economist »

John King on US economy: Prices are going up big time - CNN Video

John King breaks down the current status of the economy to prep-pandemic times in the US as states struggle to recover.

Not birth rate urgent how many PPL died of wuhsn virus from a verifiable authentic data useful We don't want birth rates to rise. We want the world population of humans to fall. 7 billion is way too many. genpactHARASSMENT JulieSweet billgates TDelaporte satyanadella JeffBezos jeffweiner ryros elonmusk HenrikEhrnrooth Dirkvandeput larryculpjr aiman_ezzat sundarpichai richardbranson gailfmarold ChrstnKlein CEOs PunitRenjen Nasdaq NYSE

The U.S. Is Playing Catch-Up at Vaccine DiplomacyAmerica can still make a major difference in the efforts to get COVID-19 vaccines into arms globally, but Russia and China have a big head start. 1/8 Solar & Wind are 0 emissions? Each 1 MW of solar farm power requires between 35 to 45 tons of steel, + you need to dig for cadmium, gallium, germanium, etc Make silicon Silicon metal is made from the reaction of silica (SiO2) - there was no transition. There was no plan to build on from the previous administration. Biden is not playing catch up, he’s creating policy and a plan from scratch Says who? You ?

Blake Shelton joins drive to help feed out-of-work musiciansThe Country Music Association will provide 4 million meals in cities with large populations of musicians and music industry professionals in its new partnership with Feeding America.

Surge in China’s Factory-Gate Prices Adds to Inflation WorriesChina’s factory-gate prices jumped by the most in 3½ years in April, driven by rising commodities prices, raising concerns that inflationary pressures could spread globally. Please do not play this game with me. Have you been to Walmart lately? If we Americans don't prioritize commerce and human needs over hypersecurity: China is going to 'eat our lunch' as our estimable President Biden aptly put it. Let's let market forces in that have been unnaturally suppressed during these many months of mass tragedy and restriction

America Ferrera Shares What It Was Like to Give Birth During the First COVID-19 SurgeIt was 'really quite scary,' she said.

The dollar is sliding after the 'horrible' April jobs report - and has nearly erased all its gains for the yearSigns that the US recovery is slowing, the Fed's ultra-low interest rates, and rebounds in other countries are weighing on the dollar. thisisinsider Crypto time 没有疫苗,有解药! 要想活命,去找中共要解药! Antidotes are possessed and controlled by the CCP, but there is no vaccine! if you want to survive, go to the CCP for antidotes! COVID19 CCPVirus UnrestrictedBioweapon LimengYan DrLiMengYAN1 闫丽梦 郭文贵 MilesGuo 班农 MktsInsider Vote biden, get poverty

U.S. 'zero-sum game' mindset under Trump pushed Russia, China closer, Beijing saysChina said it and Russia will always stand 'side by side' to support their 'core interests' against the backdrop of countries pursuing unilaterialism. Words can neither qualify nor quantify how helpful your guidance and advice has been. I am forever grateful for your support.Thank you MALYAROVALARA_ I just received my profit in my wallet thanks you very much