Business, A New Program Can Animate Old Photos. But There's Nothing Human About Artificial İntelligence - Cnn

Business, A New Program Can Animate Old Photos. But There's Nothing Human About Artificial İntelligence - Cnn

A new program can animate old photos. But there's nothing human about artificial intelligence

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3/3/2021 4:01:00 AM

Online genealogy company MyHeritage has unveiled a new tool called Deep Nostalgia that uses artificial intelligence to give old photos life-like movement

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His animated image and others like it -- at the same time unsettling, emotional, and a bit fantastical, are made possible by Deep Nostalgia, an artificial intelligence program from the genealogy platform MyHeritage. As far as AI-animated images go, the technology behind these Harry Potter-esque photos isn't particularly complex. Users are invited to supply old photos of their loved ones, and the program uses deep learning to apply predetermined movements to their facial features. It also makes up for little moments that aren't in the original photo, like the reveal of teeth or the side of a head. Together it creates, if not an entirely natural effect, than a deeply arresting one. Responses to the Deep Nostalgia images -- tears at seeing a grandmother's smile, an eerie feeling of connection to a long-dead historical icon -- knock on a mysterious emotional wall between us and this type of rapidly-evolving technology. Read MoreWe rely on perception and emotion"The draw here is that visual imagery is visceral and compelling and we respond to it," says Hany Farid, associate dean and head of the School of Information at UC Berkeley."We are visual beings. When you see your grandmother or Mark Twain come alive, there's something fascinating about it." Fascinating -- and yes, a little frightening. Our brains, as sophisticated as they are, have a prehistoric response to things that are almost human, but not quite. This is commonly called the uncanny valley, and a lot of deepfakes and AI-driven image manipulations set off this ancient alarm bell. Even MyHeritage addresses this reaction in their explanation of the program."Indeed, the results can be controversial and it's hard to stay indifferent to this technology," their FAQ page reads. When it's a beloved relative occupying that almost-but-not-quite space in reality, the parts of our brain that love and fear are pitted against each other, even if we know full well that what we're looking at isn't real. 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This is how deepfakes differ from video manipulation we've seen before 01:17"The way our brain processes images of people is different than inanimate objects. It taps into neural circuitry," Farid says."For years we have been able to synthesize inanimate objects, and that completely fools the visual system because we don't have preconceived notions of how they move. But when it comes to humans, it is lagging. Part of that is the subtle way we move and recognize these movements.""My sense of wonder might be tinged with a sense of terror" said La Marr Jurelle Bruce, a professor at the University of Maryland who shared the animated image of Frederick Douglass, capturing the attention of hundreds of thousands of people online. AI relies on data and rulesDeepfakes, which are a sophisticated melding of synthetic audio and images, have been a point of contention for digital ethicists for years, especially when it comes to issues like altered pornography and fake videos that could threaten national and financial institutions. For a more positive application, companies have been turning to the technology more and more to create widely customizable ad campaigns. The payoff, experts say, is that the consumer can feel more attached to a brand or a product by seeing the specific way it would fit into their life -- on a model with similar proportions, in their own language, or in a micro-targeted ad that speaks to their interests. Those kinds of applications are courting a similar kind of human connection as Deep Nostalgia. But the fact is, there's nothing human about artificial intelligence.Farid is careful to point out that machine learning, which is what drives more widely available animation technologies like Deep Nostalgia, is a field within the greater world of artificial intelligence. Machine learning pores over data and finds patterns. While a program may get better with more input, there isn't any intelligence or analysis involved in the way it applies these patterns. There are many applications that benefit greatly from this type of data. "When you're predicting the stock market, you want patterns," Farid offers as an example."Or doing cancer diagnoses. I don't need to understand at the moment why cancer shows up, I just want to know if it does." 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No, Tom Cruise isn't on TikTok. It's a deepfake 01:26When applied to more human pursuits, the lack of, well, intelligence shows through. The smiling faces of our ancestors, though touching, naturally don't hold up once we drop our suspension of disbelief. AI-generated renderings of human faces, another threat to the security of our online environs, often contain hilarious glitches where a program, not quite sure what to do with irregular things like ears or glasses, spits out little monstrosities hidden in otherwise convincing visages. Even extremely sophisticated, true deepfakes like the elaborate ones of Tom Cruise currently being passed around often have small inconsistencies that make us second guess our own sense of reality. Those inconsistencies, however, will lessen as the technology develops, and Farid says the time has come for companies to look critically at the ethical implications of using them. 'use strict';CNN.Videx=CNN.Videx || {};CNN.Videx.mobile={};CNN.INJECTOR.executeFeature('video').then(function () {CNN.VideoPlayer.handleUnmutePlayer=function handleUnmutePlayer(containerId, dataObj) {'use strict';var playerInstance,playerPropertyObj,rememberTime,unmuteCTA,unmuteIdSelector='unmute_' + containerId,isPlayerMute;dataObj=dataObj || {};if (CNN.VideoPlayer.getLibraryName(containerId)==='fave') {playerInstance=FAVE.player.getInstance(containerId) || null;} else {playerInstance=containerId && window.cnnVideoManager.getPlayerByContainer(containerId).videoInstance.cvp || null;}isPlayerMute=(typeof dataObj.muted==='boolean') ? dataObj.muted : false;if (CNN.VideoPlayer.playerProperties && CNN.VideoPlayer.playerProperties[containerId]) {playerPropertyObj=CNN.VideoPlayer.playerProperties[containerId];}if (playerPropertyObj.mute && playerPropertyObj.contentPlayed) {if (isPlayerMute===false) {unmuteCTA=jQuery(document.getElementById(unmuteIdSelector));playerInstance.unmute();if (unmuteCTA.length > 0) {unmuteCTA.removeClass('video__unmute--active').addClass('video__unmute--inactive');unmuteCTA.off('click');rememberTime=0;if (rememberTime 0) {$vidEndSlate.find('.l-container').html('');$vidEndSlate.removeClass('video__end-slate--inactive').addClass('video__end-slate--active');}};CNN.autoPlayVideoExist=(CNN.autoPlayVideoExist===true) ? true : false;var configObj={thumb: 'none',video: 'business/2019/06/11/deepfake-videos-2020-election.cnn',width: '100%',height: '100%',section: 'international',profile: 'expansion',network: 'cnn',markupId: 'body-text_32',theoplayer: {allowNativeFullscreen: true},adsection: 'const-article-inpage',frameWidth: '100%',frameHeight: '100%',posterImageOverride: {"mini":{"width":220,"type":"jpg","uri":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190611160152-deepfake-elizabeth-warren-small-169.jpg","height":124},"xsmall":{"width":307,"type":"jpg","uri":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190611160152-deepfake-elizabeth-warren-medium-plus-169.jpg","height":173},"small":{"width":460,"type":"jpg","uri":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190611160152-deepfake-elizabeth-warren-large-169.jpg","height":259},"medium":{"width":780,"type":"jpg","uri":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190611160152-deepfake-elizabeth-warren-exlarge-169.jpg","height":438},"large":{"width":1100,"type":"jpg","uri":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190611160152-deepfake-elizabeth-warren-super-169.jpg","height":619},"full16x9":{"width":1600,"type":"jpg","uri":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190611160152-deepfake-elizabeth-warren-full-169.jpg","height":900},"mini1x1":{"width":120,"type":"jpg","uri":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/190611160152-deepfake-elizabeth-warren-small-11.jpg","height":120}}},autoStartVideo=false,isVideoReplayClicked=false,callbackObj,containerEl,currentVideoCollection=[],currentVideoCollectionId='',isLivePlayer=false,mediaMetadataCallbacks,mobilePinnedView=null,moveToNextTimeout,mutePlayerEnabled=false,nextVideoId='',nextVideoUrl='',turnOnFlashMessaging=false,videoPinner,videoEndSlateImpl;if (CNN.autoPlayVideoExist===false) {autoStartVideo=false;autoStartVideo=typeof CNN.isLoggedInVideoCheck==='function' ? 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{jQuery(document).scrollTop(mobilePinnedView.getScrollPosition());playerInstance.hideUI();}},onContentPlay: function (containerId, cvpId, event) {var playerInstance,prevVideoId;if (CNN.companion && typeof CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout==='function') {CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout('restoreEpicAds');}clearTimeout(moveToNextTimeout);CNN.VideoPlayer.hideSpinner(containerId);if (Modernizr && !Modernizr.phone && !Modernizr.mobile && !Modernizr.tablet) {if (typeof videoPinner !=='undefined' && videoPinner !==null) {videoPinner.setIsPlaying(true);videoPinner.animateDown();}}},onContentReplayRequest: function (containerId, cvpId, contentId) {if (Modernizr && !Modernizr.phone && !Modernizr.mobile && !Modernizr.tablet) {if (typeof videoPinner !=='undefined' && videoPinner !==null) {videoPinner.setIsPlaying(true);var $endSlate=jQuery(document.getElementById(containerId)).parent().find('.js-video__end-slate').eq(0);if ($endSlate.length > 0) {$endSlate.removeClass('video__end-slate--active').addClass('video__end-slate--inactive');}}}},onContentBegin: function (containerId, cvpId, contentId) {if (mobilePinnedView) {mobilePinnedView.enable();}/* Dismissing the pinnedPlayer if another video players plays a video. */CNN.VideoPlayer.dismissMobilePinnedPlayer(containerId);CNN.VideoPlayer.mutePlayer(containerId);if (CNN.companion && typeof CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout==='function') {CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout('removeEpicAds');}CNN.VideoPlayer.hideSpinner(containerId);clearTimeout(moveToNextTimeout);CNN.VideoSourceUtils.clearSource(containerId);jQuery(document).triggerVideoContentStarted();},onContentComplete: function (containerId, cvpId, contentId) {if (CNN.companion && typeof CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout==='function') {CNN.companion.updateCompanionLayout('restoreFreewheel');}navigateToNextVideo(contentId, containerId);},onContentEnd: function (containerId, cvpId, contentId) {if (Modernizr && !Modernizr.phone && !Modernizr.mobile && !Modernizr.tablet) {if (typeof videoPinner !=='undefined' && videoPinner !==null) {videoPinner.setIsPlaying(false);}}},onCVPVisibilityChange: function (containerId, cvpId, visible) {CNN.VideoPlayer.handleAdOnCVPVisibilityChange(containerId, visible);}};if (typeof configObj.context !=='string' || configObj.context.length 0) {configObj.adsection=window.ssid;}CNN.autoPlayVideoExist=(CNN.autoPlayVideoExist===true) ? true : false;CNN.VideoPlayer.getLibrary(configObj, callbackObj, isLivePlayer);});CNN.INJECTOR.scriptComplete('videodemanddust');ReplayMore Videos ...MUST WATCH headtopics.com

Read more: CNN »

Nature at its craziest: Trillions of cicadas about to emerge

COLUMBIA, Md. (AP) — Sifting through a shovel load of dirt in a suburban backyard, Michael Raupp and Paula Shrewsbury find their quarry: a cicada nymph. And then another. And another. And four more...

Mubaarakolayemi Looks like something straight our of Harry Potter books. No that’s not cool. I don’t like that Checa checa Vickybikini_27 pa' terminar de armar este d3smadr3 I saw moving photos in a Harry Potter movie almost 20 years ago. Pass Nope!! Call me when I can talk to the picture, and it talks back.

Yeah, we tried this on a couple old pics of my Mom & Grandma. They WERE animated, but they moved in ways that were quite unlike the way they REALLY did move in life. And so, YES, creepy AF. 😳 💖 PLEASE READ💖👀 WE'RE OUT OF TIME to secure His 'Aftercare fund' for years of proper follow up & meds, a new 💙 w/out it means He'll reject it & die. PLEASE, if U can't donate, just retweet so others can see, for a Child, Thank You!! AboysHeart

Creepy/beautiful

T𝐨 𝐫𝐞𝐜𝐞𝐢𝐯𝐞 𝐠𝐨𝐨𝐝 𝐩𝐫𝐨𝐟𝐢𝐭, 𝐭𝐫𝐲 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐞𝐱𝐩𝐥𝐚𝐢𝐧 𝐭𝐨 Alexandra 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐢 𝐚𝐦 𝐬𝐮𝐫𝐞 he 𝐰𝐢𝐥𝐥 𝐚𝐥𝐬𝐨 𝐡𝐞𝐥𝐩 𝐲𝐨𝐮 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐲𝐨𝐮 𝐰𝐢𝐥𝐥 𝐚𝐥𝐬𝐨 𝐛𝐞 𝐭𝐞𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐟𝐲 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐭𝐨 𝐬𝐩𝐫𝐞𝐚𝐝 𝐡𝐢𝐬 𝐠𝐨𝐨𝐝 𝐧𝐞𝐰𝐬 Alexadra_Alison 𝐈 𝐰𝐢𝐥𝐥 𝐤𝐞𝐞𝐩 𝐬𝐡𝐚𝐫𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐦𝐲 𝐭𝐞𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐦𝐨𝐧𝐲, 𝐈 𝐣𝐮𝐬𝐭 𝐦𝐚𝐝𝐞 𝐦𝐲 𝐭𝐡𝐢𝐫𝐝 𝐰𝐢𝐭𝐡𝐝𝐫𝐚𝐰𝐚𝐥. 𝐓𝐨 𝐞𝐯𝐞𝐫𝐲𝐨𝐧𝐞 𝐥𝐨𝐨𝐤𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐟𝐨𝐫 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐛𝐞𝐬𝐭 𝐩𝐥𝐚𝐭𝐟𝐨𝐫𝐦 𝐭𝐨 𝐞𝐚𝐫𝐧 𝐃𝐌 Alexadra_Alison

Creepy Kind of Harry Potter-ish! I made a mistake! It's the American Hero animation 'Transformers'! !! That’s creepy AF. Cool, but creepy more. Creepy It's like Harry Potter movies! No thank you.

csundita we should try it! follow our page, to stay on top of the astronomical news ❤️😍 Thats so creepy... Sensacional!!! 👏🏻👏🏻👏🏻❤️ More good news please((( Que beleza 😍❤️ Wow. Just wow C R E E P Y

No thank you Harry Potter had that technology before 3M just watch it and you will see 😂😂😂 its creepy though This is incredible; I can only expect it will get better over time. Please note you only have a few free uploads then you have to sign up for a subscription. Please no Are CNN reporting the war between AlexSalmond and NicolaSturgeon ?

Creepy It's like Harry Potter but.. creepier Don’t know about this.. Creepy That's creepy!

Just what the Trumpers need to rewrite history in their own brains from racist, sexist stories Pappy used to tell them.