Papyrus by Irene Vallejo is a fascinating story of books in the ancient world

11/24/2022 4:19:00 PM

From the great library of Alexandria to a Virgil parody scrawled on the walls of Pompeii, Vallejo make the past come alive for us

'From the great library of Alexandria to a Virgil parody scrawled on the walls of Pompeii, Vallejo make the past come alive for us' 🟠 Papyrus by Irene Vallejo is fascinating story of books in the ancient world, says TravelCourse

From the great library of Alexandria to a Virgil parody scrawled on the walls of Pompeii, Vallejo make the past come alive for us

A papyrus fragment in Israel, dating from the First Temple period (late seventh or early sixth century BCE) found in the Judean Desert caves (Photo: Menahem Kahana/AFP via Getty) By November 24, 2022 12:27 pm The most famous collection of books the world has ever seen was the great library of Alexandria.Nov 09, 2022 Load More By continuing or choosing “OK”, you accept that we and our partners use cookies to improve our website's performance and provide you with a customized user experience, including by measuring website traffic and deliver ads that are more relevant to you and your interests.Promoted by Feld Entertainment 22nd Nov 2022, 3:55pm Cinders star Antonia Mitchell and her prince Bob Goodwin today told how they fell in love on the ice.Nov 09, 2022 Load More By continuing or choosing “OK”, you accept that we and our partners use cookies to improve our website's performance and provide you with a customized user experience, including by measuring website traffic and deliver ads that are more relevant to you and your interests.

It was the end result of a couple of colossal global ambitions: Alexander the Great set out to conquer the entire world; his lieutenant Ptolemy gained Egypt to rule over and decided to set up a library which would house a copy of every book on Earth.“It might have been the last and only time,” writes Irene Vallejo, “that the dream of gathering all the books in the world could become a reality.” If the title of Vallejo’s book is off-putting, evoking a dull tome about an obscure plant, do not be deterred.Cinderella skater Antonia, aged 30, from San Francisco, USA, and Prince Charming skater Bob, 31, of Toronto, Canada, hope their special chemistry shines through as they entertain thousands of Disney fans every night at arenas around the world.Papyrus is packed with fascinating insights into literacy in the ancient world.Back then books came in cylindrical form – papyrus is a reed that grows around the Nile, and it was used to make sheets of writing material which were rolled up and stored in scrolls.

Ptolemy despatched buyers overseas to purchase scrolls for the great library wherever they could find them."We're taking it day by day.He established a dynasty which lasted ten generations and ended with Cleopatra.Mark Antony wooed her with a gift of 200,000 scrolls.“In Alexandria,” Vallejo notes, “books served as fuel for passion." Antonia added:"We see our future together.” Ironically, it was the Romans who precipitated the great library’s end.

Legend tells of an enormous fire, but in reality, while military action by Julius Caesar probably incinerated part of the collection, its demise was less dramatic.After the Romans annexed Egypt, the library declined gradually, in tandem with the Roman Empire itself." Explaining how they landed the starring roles she said:"We were ensemble skaters with Disney on Ice for a few years and continued working together and progressing as a team.Vallejo points out, however, that its demise was not necessarily the enormous tragedy so often portrayed.Many prized texts had previously been copied and widely disseminated.Homer’s works, for example, had already been in circulation for many generations – and remain so to this day." Bob says they never have falls outs that spill onto the ice.

Sadly, one massive loss was works by women.Only a small selection has reached us, with the stellar poet Sappho to the fore.Despite their military supremacy, the Romans had little written culture of their own to start with.We love what we do.The Greeks remained culturally dominant for a long time.Wealthy Romans created large libraries, with enslaved Greeks for their scribes and tutors.

The Roman elite frequently entertained themselves in bathhouses with libraries attached." How did they meet? Bob laughed:"Yeah, she definitely ran out of a party and I had to track her down one day.Even so, the public at large was often familiar with famous texts.Vallejo tells us that graffiti discovered on the wall of a humble laundry in Pompeii, for example, mocks its owners with a parody of lines from Virgil.Vallejo herself is a diligent scholar, yet blessed with the ability to make the ancient world come alive for us.But we definitely put our hard work in.The numerous parallels she draws with modern history and culture are occasionally insightful, but where she excels is with her wide-ranging accounts of the human experience of books in the ancient world.

She has a fine eye for telling detail.Books were read aloud back then, she tells us, which meant that libraries were not the sanctuaries of calm familiar to us.This year’s ice spectacular also features popular characters such as Coco’s Miguel Rivera, who disguises himself to enter the Day of the Dead festival, Frozen’s own Let It Go snow queen Elsa and ocean adventurer Moana, along with Jasmine, Ariel, Aurora and Belle.Moreover, not all aspects of literacy were positive: children learned to read and write through achingly tedious transcriptions of classic texts, with severe beatings for errors.Books could be threatening, too.Vallejo reminds us that book burnings started early, notably with the advent of Christianity.

Fortunately, attempts to eradicate supposedly sinful or subversive texts have always proved ignominious fails.Meanwhile the history of books remains far from over, with their popularity among readers secure and set to endure.Vallejo cites Umberto Eco’s view of their indispensability: “The book is like the spoon, scissors, the hammer, the wheel,” he said.“Once invented, it cannot be surpassed.” by Irene Vallejo (translated by Charlotte Whittle) is out now (Hodder & Stoughton, £25) Topics.

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