Indonesia, Covıd-19, Coronavirus, Jakarta, Vaccination, Health

Indonesia, Covıd-19

Jokowi aims to vaccinate 7.5 million Jakartans by end August, but experts say herd immunity is not a given

Jokowi aims to vaccinate 7.5 million Jakartans by end August, but experts say herd immunity is not a given

24/6/2021 1:55:00 AM

Jokowi aims to vaccinate 7.5 million Jakarta ns by end August, but experts say herd immunity is not a given

JAKARTA : President Joko Widodo has been criss-crossing vaccination centres in Jakarta , keeping tabs on the national vaccination programme and ...

, Indonesia is currently grappling with a surge of infections following last month’s Idul Fitri holiday where people returned to their hometowns to be with loved ones and throngs of people crowded tourist spots.Although Jokowi, as the president is popularly known, acknowledged that the target of inoculating 7.5 million Jakartans is quite ambitious, he said it has to be done in order to achieve herd immunity in the capital. Jakarta, which is the epicentre of the COVID-19 pandemic, is home to about 10.5 million people.

MOE to reduce scope of exams in 2021, hire more school counsellors among moves to ensure students’ mental well-being ‘Please help our friend’: Classmates of River Valley High alleged killer urged Chan Chun Sing to care for him Swimming: Joseph Schooling fails to qualify for 100m freestyle semi-finals at Olympics

A woman receives a shot of the Sinovac COVID-19 vaccine at a football stadium in Bandung, West Java, on Jun 17, 2021. (Photo: AP/Bukbis Candra)Experts interviewed by CNA said it is possible to inoculate 7.5 million Jakartans by the end of August as the capital has the infrastructure and enough vaccines. However, it is not a given that this will lead to herd immunity.

AdvertisementAdvertisementTo reach herd immunity, time is needed for the antibodies to be reproduced, said Professor Tjandra Yoga Aditama who is a former director of the World Health Organization South-East Asia Regional Office (WHO SEARO).He also noted that the effectiveness of the vaccines has yet to be fully known. “Every vaccine can practically handle the current variants, but the efficacy decreases (for the new variants of concern),” he said.

Indonesia has received around 104.7 million vaccines with the majority of them being from Sinovac, followed by AstraZeneca and Sinopharm.As of Jun 21, at least 3.5 million people in Jakarta have received their first jab while about 1.8 million have received their second jab.

AdvertisementREAD: COVID-19: Hurdles ahead for Indonesia as it aims to vaccinate 180 million people in 15 monthsProf Aditama, now a director for postgraduate studies at YARSI University in Jakarta, explained that in order to reach the target, at least five factors will play a role, namely vaccine availability, infrastructure, vaccine hesitancy, the ease of getting vaccinated and public communication.

He believed although generally vaccine availability and infrastructure are not major problems in Jakarta, factors such as the ease of getting vaccinated, vaccine hesitancy and public communication should not be taken lightly.He suggested making access to vaccination centres easier by setting up vaccine centres in all health clinics besides in stadiums and malls in the city centres.

FILE PHOTO: People wearing protective masks sit as they queue for their turn to receive a dose of the AstraZeneca coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccine at the Istora Senayan Stadium in Jakarta, Indonesia, June 16, 2021. REUTERS/Ajeng Dinar UlfianaREAD: Indonesia travel agencies offer queue-beating US COVID-19 'vaccination tours'

Table tennis: Yu Mengyu sweeps world number 8 at Olympics, books place in round of 16 17-year-old dies after basketball backboard structure falls on him in Bedok Stateless man jailed 5 weeks for hurling racist remarks at cashier, choking a nurse

Mdm Masdalina Pane, head of the Professional Development Division of the Indonesian Association of Epidemiology Experts (PAEI), also believed that the 7.5 million target can be achieved.“It is relatively easier to achieve because, in Jakarta, access to healthcare is not an issue,” she said.

But she also questioned whether herd immunity can be easily achieved.“Herd immunity can be achieved not only through vaccination. Those who have contracted COVID-19 also have some (antibodies).“But there have been cases where even though the person was positive and recovered, the person did not develop an antibody.

“And secondly, there has been no evidence among those who have been vaccinated how long it (the vaccine) can give protection. Because if it can protect for six months, then those who got vaccinated in January – the vaccination programme kicked off on Jan 13 – by July they should be vaccinated again.”

She added:"Containment needs to involve a few activities, it cannot be done just by vaccination.”On Wednesday (Jun 23), Indonesia logged a record 15,308 new COVID-19 cases. The national total is now 2,033,421.Airport officer sprays disinfectant at a Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, to prevent the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19), in Tangerang, near Jakarta, Indonesia March 25, 2020. (File photo: Antara Fotovia REUTERS/MuhammadIqbal)

To contain the spread of COVID-19, Mdm Pane suggested stronger measures need to be taken such as closing borders and having a longer quarantine period for those who arrive in Indonesia from abroad.Indonesia currently imposes a five-day quarantine policy for people arriving from overseas, with the exception of travellers from India, Pakistan and the Philippines who need to be quarantined for 14 days.

She also said tracing needs to be done rigorously and correctly, especially for people arriving from abroad.“In Indonesia, if the tracing is done strongly, variants of concern can still be contained. The problem is ... testing is done on the first day of contact (between a person with COVID-19 and another).

'So proud': Philippine weightlifter Diaz hailed for historic Olympic gold Studying in a school that is a bad fit destroys children’s confidence, not in their interest: Chan Chun Sing Man jailed 5 weeks for making racist remarks at cashier, choking a nurse

She also noted that during quarantine, the exit test is done on day five.“For COVID-19, the incubation period is two to 14 days. On average it is five days …. but there are many who only exhibit symptoms after day five, there are some who even display symptoms after day 14."

Despite the unknowns when it comes to attaining herd immunity by end of August, epidemiologist from the University of Indonesia Pandu Riono said that authorities should just focus on vaccinating as many people in Jakarta as possible.People wearing protective face masks undergo a health screening before receiving their dose of the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine at a kindergarten in Jakarta, Indonesia, Jun 10, 2021. (Photo: REUTERS/Ajeng Dinar Ulfiana)

“People, the private sector, they all should be involved," he said.Mr Riono also noted that there are many people who work or live in Jakarta but their ID says they live elsewhere and this could hinder vaccination.“Don’t focus on whether they have a Jakarta ID or not. That’s a very outdated approach."

Read more: CNA »

At least 25 dead as rains deluge central China's Henan province

Kremlin says people without vaccine or immunity in Russia will have limited work optionsIt’s here. Slow cook simmer to taste.

Commentary: Why the West has problems defining a clear China policyThe beginnings of a G7 policy on China must reconcile many pushs and pulls, given interests within the western block may not always sync up, says ... Because half of them are in pockets of Winnie the pooping Because they continue to kill people. Biden said 'America is back...' to kill more people l

PipeChina aims for peak carbon emissions before 2030, official saysSHANGHAI: China Oil and Gas Pipeline Network, or PipeChina, aims to bring its carbon emission and energy consumption to a peak before 2030, a ...

China's nomadic elephants forage for foodDrone footage showed the giant mammals walking through and foraging for food against the backdrop of a nearby village.The herd consisted of 15 elephants initially, but one of them has left, according to China's state media.The elephants had been defying attempts to redirect them after a journey of several hundred kilometres north. While it is unclear why the elephants are moving north, Chinese media said a decline in edible plants in forest habitats has put pressure on the animals, whose numbers have grown in Yunnan in recent decades.

Covid-19: Vaccinated Israelis may need to quarantine because of Delta variant